The Motor City is the last place you want to get your motor running.
The study considered a basket of factors that included ownership costs, traffic, the quality of the roads, accident rates and the availability of automotive services like parking and repair.
Motown was followed by Oakland, Calif., Philadelphia, San Francisco and Newark, N.J., at the bad end of the list, while Raleigh, N.C., was deemed best.
The top five rounded out with Orlando, Lincoln, Neb., Tampa and Winston-Salem, NC.
The category that saw the widest discrepancy between best and worst was parking, with costs in New York City 34 times higher than Corpus Christi, Tex.