On this day, July 26…
1908: U.S. Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte orders the creation of a force of special agents that was a forerunner of the FBI.
Also on this day:
- 1775: The Continental Congress establishes a Post Office and appoints Benjamin Franklin its postmaster-general.
- 1953: Fidel Castro begins his revolt against Fulgencio Batista with an unsuccessful attack on an army barracks in eastern Cuba. (Castro would oust Batista in 1959.)
- 1990: President George H.W. Bush signs the Americans with Disabilities Act.
- 2002: The Republican-led House votes, 295-132, to create an enormous Homeland Security Department in the biggest government reorganization in decades.
- 2006: In a dramatic turnaround from her first murder trial, Andrea Yates is found not guilty by reason of insanity by a Houston jury in the bathtub drownings of her five children; she is committed to a state mental hospital.
- 2013: Ariel Castro, the man who'd imprisoned three women in his Cleveland home, subjecting them to a decade of rapes and beatings, pleads guilty to 937 counts in a deal to avoid the death penalty.
- 2016: Hillary Clinton becomes the first woman to be nominated for president by a major political party at the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia.