Glendon Gulliver, 61, didn't enter a plea and was granted bail by a judge at Paisley Sheriff Court near Glasgow. Gulliver and his 45-year-old co-pilot were arrested Saturday at Glasgow Airport on suspicion of being under the influence of alcohol and drugs.
They were taken into custody under a transportation safety law that covers on the job intoxication and impairment for aviation.
Authorities were called to the airport around 7:45 a.m.and both were taken into custody prior to boarding United Airlines flight 162 from Glasgow Airport to Newark.
The flight was eventually canceled. The other pilot was released without being charged before Tuesday's hearing.
Under Scottish law, pilots, the legal limit for navigators and other flight personnel is less than half the drink-drive limit for drivers in the country.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.