High-speed 5G connections are coming to a neighborhood near you. But not everyone wants one in their backyards.
In Upper Cole Valley, a San Francisco community, residents objected to the 5G equipment almost immediately. These objections include networking equipment that some residents deem “ugly” because it doesn’t comport with local aesthetic standards, according to a complaint from a group of Upper Cole Valley residents, as cited in a CityLab report.
Some nearby residents also said that they had not been properly notified by the city about 5G equipment and others cited RF radiation concerns, according to the complaint.
The rollout of 5G is only just beginning now across the U.S. and is currently limited to select locations within a handful of cities. When the technology becomes widely available, 5G is expected to offer peak connection speeds that are many times faster than 4G.
Yet, carriers, such as Verizon, are shifting how connectivity is delivered with 5G. They are transitioning from large cell towers to so-called small cells that are often attached to street poles bringing them closer to small communities, causing the issue.
The number of small cells deployed is predicted to jump over the next few years, from 86,000 in 2018 to more than 800,000 by 2026, according to 2018 report from the CTIA, a trade association representing the US wireless communications industry. In 2017, there were about 13,000 small cells.
“This increase underscores the importance of every level of government modernizing its wireless infrastructure rules,” the report added.
So far, the California Supreme Court has thrown a wrench in these plans with an April ruling that said San Francisco can reject 5G wireless equipment that doesn’t meet local aesthetic standards.
The FCC is opposed to excessively strict aesthetic requirements for small cells. While the FCC agrees with aesthetic requirements that are “reasonably directed” to avoid “unsightly or out-of-character deployments,” aesthetic requirements cannot be more burdensome than those applied to other infrastructure equipment, the FCC said last September.
Another local concern is exposure to 5G RF radiation. In the Upper Cole Valley complaint, residents were concerned that while they are told exposure is not dangerous, telecom workers are warned to avoid exposure.
“Our current RF exposure limits incorporate recommendations from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and other federal health and safety agencies,” FCC Chairman Ajit Pai wrote in an April 30 letter to Rep. Peter DeFazio (D) of Oregon.