“This evening, Ambassador Lightizer and Secretary Mnuchin met with President Trump to discuss the ongoing trade negotiations with China," White House deputy press secretary Judd Deere said in a statement. “The Ambassador and Secretary then had a working dinner with Vice Premier Liu He, and agreed to continue discussions tomorrow morning at USTR." (USTR refers to the office of U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer.)
The new tariffs raised the import taxes of those goods from 10 percent to 25 percent at 12;01 a.m. Friday. The White House said talks would continue Friday.
“I’m different than a lot of people,” Trump told reporters at the White House. “I happen to think the tariffs for our country are very powerful.”
The two world’s largest economies were nearing a trade deal to open up the Chinese market to American companies, but negotiations fell apart when China called for changes to the text that served as a blueprint for a pact, the New York Times reported. U.S. negotiators have also accused China of reneging on its commitments.
Trump responded in a Sunday tweet by threatening to raise existing tariffs to 25 percent and impose new ones on billions of dollars in Chines imported goods.
“We were getting very close to a deal then they started to renegotiate the deal,” Trump said. “We can’t have that.”
The bulk of goods facing increase tariffs are items such as circuit boards, vehicle parts and machinery, according to the Wall Street Journal. The proposed tariffs on the reminder of Chinese imports – the $200 billion worth of goods – would no doubt affect consumers. Those goods include iPhones, laptops, clothing and other everyday products.
China has already imposed tariffs on nearly all American goods. On Thursday, it said it would defend its interests and respond with "necessary countermeasures" if the increases take effect Friday.
“I came here this time, under pressure, to show China’s great sincerity,” Chinese Vice Premier Liu He said in an interview with state broadcaster CCTV after arriving in the U.S., according to the Wall Street Journal.
The escalating trade conflict began more than a year ago when the U.S. accused Beijing of stealing or pressuring American companies to hand over their technology to their competitors, among other grievances.
On Wednesday, Trump said Chinese President Xi Jinping had sent him “a very beautiful letter” and that he would probably speak with him on the phone.
Trump has routinely accused China of taking advantage of American trade policies but said a trade pact could imminent.
"Well, we are very close to a deal with China," Trump continued. "But it’s a question of whether or not I want to make it. I mean we’re going to make either a real deal, or we’re not going to make a deal at all. And if we don’t make a deal we’re going to tariff China, and that’ll be fine. We’ll -- frankly we’ll make a lot of money."
Editor's Note -- A previous version of this story gave an incorrect number for the estimated value of the Chinese goods affected by the new U.S. tariffs.
Fox News reporter Gregg Re contributed to this report.