But during a press conference Monday afternoon at Howard University in Washington, Harris also defended her record amid liberal criticism, saying she was proud of her actions as California attorney general and San Francisco district attorney.
“I had a host of clients that I was obligated to defend and represent,” Harris said of being California’s attorney general. “And I couldn’t fire my clients. And there were unfortunately situations that occurred where my clients took positions that were contrary to my beliefs.”
Harris was asked by one reporter about criticism from some Democrats for her role backing the California Department of Corrections in denying gender reassignment surgery to inmates. Harris argued decisions in that case were made by other people in her office who “do the work on a daily basis.”
“And do I wish that sometimes they would have personally consulted me before they wrote the things that they wrote?” Harris said. “Yes, I do.”
But, she added, “the buck stops with me. And I take full responsibility for what my office did.”
On the issue of gender reassignment surgery for inmates, Harris claimed she “worked behind the scenes” to ensure that the Department of Corrections “would allow transitioning inmates to receive the medical attention that they required, they needed and deserved.”
But she didn’t directly answer a question from a reporter on whether inmates from around the country should have access to gender reassignment surgery. Harris said transgender people “for too long” have “been the subject of bias, and frankly a lack of understanding about their circumstance and their physical needs, in addition to any other needs they have. And it’s about time we have a better understanding of that.”
Harris announced earlier Monday she is running for president, joining a fast-growing crowd of Democrats jumping into the 2020 race.
But even before that announcement, her pre-Senate record in California was attracting new scrutiny from liberals.
University of San Francisco associate law professor Lara Bazelon recently argued in an op-ed piece that the perception that Harris acted as a “progressive prosecutor” during her tenure as the district attorney of San Francisco and then California’s attorney general is at odds with her actions.
"Time after time, when progressives urged her to embrace criminal justice reforms as a district attorney and then the state’s attorney general, Ms. Harris opposed them or stayed silent,” Lara Bazelon wrote in the New York Times.
During Monday’s press conference, Harris was also asked about her office’s handling of sex crimes. “I can tell you of cases where I really regret that we were not able to charge somebody that I knew molested a child but the evidence wasn’t there,” she said.
But Harris added, “There is a lot about what I did as a prosecutor that I’m proud of, including a recognition that there are fundamental flaws in the criminal justice system and that this criminal justice system needs to be reformed.”
Earlier Monday, Harris paired the announcement with the release of a campaign video on Twitter in which she said, "Truth. Justice. Decency. Equality. Freedom. Democracy. These aren’t just words. They’re the values we as Americans cherish. And they’re all on the line now."
"The future of our country depends on you and millions of others lifting our voices to fight for our American values," Harris said. "That’s why I’m running for president of the United States."
The former California attorney general was elected to the Senate in 2016. Since then, she has worked to establish a national profile -- by aggressively questioning President Trump’s judicial nominees, writing a book and stumping for Democrats in last year's midterm elections.
Harris’ announcement comes as a slew of Democrats have begun making plans to run for the White House in 2020.
In recent weeks, New York Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand, Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren, Hawaii Rep. Tulsi Gabbard and former San Antonio Mayor Julian Castro have moved forward with plans to seek the party’s nomination.
Other prominent figures, including former Vice President Joe Biden, Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders and former Texas Rep. Beto O’Rourke, are also mulling possible campaigns.
Fox News' Louis Casiano contributed to this report.