Australian War Memorial keeps 'known unto God' on Unknown Soldier Tomb after public outcry

The Australian War Memorial has reversed a contentious decision to remove "known unto God" from the Tomb of the Australian Unknown Soldier after a public outcry.

Memorial director Brendan Nelson refused to confirm The Australian newspaper's report Tuesday that Prime Minister Tony Abbott, a former Roman Catholic seminarian, had personally intervened to prevent the change.

"Knowing Tony Abbott as I do so very well, I suspect he'd be quite comfortable with where we've landed," Nelson told Australian Broadcasting Corp. radio.

The prime minister's office would not immediately comment on that report on Tuesday.

The sandstone war memorial opened in 1941 to commemorate Australians killed in World War I and is among Canberra's most popular tourist attractions.

Nelson had wanted to replace the words of British writer Rudyard Kipling, "known unto God," with a new inscription: "We do not know this Australian's name, we never will."

Those words open a eulogy given by then-Prime Minister Paul Keating for an unknown soldier killed in WWI, exhumed from a French cemetery and re-interred at the memorial in 1993. Keating's Armistice Day speech that year is widely regarded as one of his best.

Keating was a polarizing politician who led the center-left Labor Party. Abbott leads the conservative Liberal Party and Nelson is a former Liberal leader.

Nelson said some complainants "had particular views about Mr. Keating." Others accused Nelson of "de-Christianizing" the memorial, which he said was always intended to be a secular institution.

"This was never driven by some suggestion that we should remove 'God' or political correctness or anything of the sort," Nelson said.

"The motive was to give permanence to this towering Australian speech by an Australian prime minister," he added.

The memorial's governing council has settled on a compromise which will include Keating's 1993 words — "He is one of them, and he is all of us" — being inscribed in the stone surrounding the soldier's grave.


Online: Australian War Memorial site: