The Republican-led House of Representatives on Tuesday failed to impeach Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas over his handling of the crisis at the southern border – marking a major blow for House Republicans who have pushed for Mayorkas' removal.

The House voted mostly along party lines, but Republicans suffered a number of defections that torpedoed the vote. Four Republicans ultimately voted no: Rep. Tom McClintock, R-Calif., Ken Buck, R-Colo., Mike Gallagher, R-Wis., and Blake Moore, R-Utah, who switched his vote at the last minute in a procedural move to be able to bring the resolution back to the floor.

But Democrats remained united. The vote was 216-214. Lawmakers voted on a resolution combining two articles of impeachment that accused Mayorkas of having "refused to comply with Federal immigration laws" and the other of having violated "public trust." A Cabinet secretary has not been impeached since 1876, when Secretary of War William Belknap was impeached.



Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas has defended his handling of the border crisis.

The move is a crushing defeat for the Republican majority, which held hearings throughout 2023 on Mayorkas' "dereliction of duty" and additional hearings on the impeachment articles themselves earlier this year. Lawmakers accused Mayorkas of disregarding federal law with "open border policies" that have made the ongoing crisis at the southern border worse. They have pointed to the rolling back of Trump-era policies, like border wall construction and "Remain in Mexico," and reducing interior enforcement and expanding "catch-and-release." They say it has fueled record numbers at the southern border, breaching the 300,000 mark in December.

"Under Secretary Mayorkas’ watch, Customs and Border Protection has reported more than 8.5 million encounters at our borders, including more than 7 million apprehensions at the southwest border," Homeland Security Committee Chair Mark Green, R-Tenn., said on the House floor. "Even more terrifying is the approximately 1.8 million known gotaways that Border Patrol agents detect but are unable to apprehend. Millions of those inadmissible aliens who are encountered are eventually released into our communities. This has never happened before in our history. And it doesn’t happen by accident."

Green said Republicans had been left with "no other option" than to proceed.

"We, the people's representatives, have no opinion, no option but to exercise this duty when branch officials blatantly refuse to comply with the laws we have passed threaten the separation of powers, imperiled the constitutional order, and expose Americans to untold suffering and death," he said.

Democrats and the administration have painted the impeachment push as politically motivated on nothing more than policy disagreements, and nothing that approaches high crimes and misdemeanors.

Rep Mark Green

Chair Mark Green, R-Tenn., leads the House Homeland Security Committee move to impeach Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas during a hearing on Jan. 30, 2024, in Washington, D.C. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

"Far from alleging high crimes and misdemeanors, this resolution relies on the same tired and untrue Republican talking points that Democrats have demonstrated for months are not true," said Rep. Pramila Jayapal, D-Wash.

Homeland Security Committee ranking member Bennie Thompson, D-Miss., called the push a "travesty" and an "affront to the Constitution."

"Rather than doing what's right for America because it's clear that Republicans have failed to make the case for impeachment. They have failed to articulate a single high crime and misdemeanor. The other side of the aisle reeks of desperation," he said.

Mayorkas himself has attacked the push against him, calling the allegations "false" and "baseless."


"I assure you that your false accusations do not rattle me and do not divert me from the law enforcement and broader public service mission to which I have devoted most of my career and to which I remain devoted," Mayorkas said.

DHS has pointed to more than 500,000 removals since May and record seizures of fentanyl at the border to counteract claims that it has pursued open border policies. It has also called on Republicans to provide more funding and to work with the administration to fix a "broken" immigration system. It had highlighted Republicans and former DHS officials who have opposed the impeachment effort.


"This baseless impeachment should never have moved forward; it faces bipartisan opposition and legal experts resoundingly say it is unconstitutional," DHS spokesperson Mia Ehrenberg said after the vote on Tuesday. "If House Republicans are serious about border security, they should abandon these political games and instead support the bipartisan national security agreement in the Senate to get DHS the enforcement resources we need."

"Secretary Mayorkas remains focused on working across the aisle to promote real solutions at the border and keep our country safe," she said.

Democrats, meanwhile, were gleeful at the defeat for the majority.

"House Republicans just tried to impeach Secretary Mayorkas purely as a political stunt: AND THEY FAILED," Jayapal said on X, formerly known as Twitter. "As they keep wasting their time in the majority, Democrats will continue working for the American people."

However, at least one Republican suggested the fight might not be over.

"I will not STOP until Secretary Mayorkas is IMPEACHED," Rep. Tony Gonzales, R-Texas, posted. "House Republicans will hold the administration accountable, no matter how many votes it takes!"