India and China, the world’s two most populous nations and both of which have nuclear warheads, are at tense loggerheads over a territorial dispute in the eastern Ladakh area bordering both countries.
"I would say the situation is stable and under control, yet unpredictable," India’s army Chief of Staff Gen. Manoj Pande told reporters Thursday. "We have adequate forces. We have adequate reserves in each of our sectors to be able to effectively deal with any situation or contingency."
As reported by The Associated Press, Pande made his comments after a nearly 2½-year standoff between tens of thousands of soldiers from both countries.
The Indian army chief said the countries were continuing to talk both at the diplomatic and military levels, but that India’s military maintains a high level of preparedness.
The two sides had a serious border clash in 2020 when 20 Indian soldiers were killed and four Chinese soldiers died as a result of the skirmish.
India says China occupies 38,000 square kilometers (15,000 square miles) of its territory in the Aksai Chin Plateau, which India considers part of Ladakh, where the current face-off is happening.
"How dangerous this gets depends on Beijing. India is currently in a defensive posture, but if China attacks again, and looks weak, India might push its advantage," Cleo Paskal, a non-resident senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies focusing on the Indo-Pacific region, told Fox News Digital.
She continued, "Also, this area might come into play during a Taiwan crisis. It’s worth remembering that China’s 1962 attack on India coincided almost to the exact days with the Cuban Missile Crisis."
"At the same time, China’s attack is likely to have asymmetric warfare elements as well. After the 2020 standoff, the conflict moved into less obvious arenas. India banned 59 Chinese apps, including TikTok and WeChat, and then there was a cyberattack on Mumbai’s electrical grid that was reportedly tracked back to China," Paskal added.
India says any unilateral change in the border status quo by Beijing is unacceptable.
The Line of Actual Control separates Chinese and Indian-held territories from Ladakh in the west to India’s eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh, which China claims in its entirety. India and China fought a deadly war over the border in 1962.
In December, Fox News Digital reported on a violent clash between Indian and Chinese soldiers over the territories, resulting in injuries for both sides.
At the time of December's clash, a Chinese military spokesman blamed India for illegally blocking border guards who were patrolling Beijing's side of the Line of Actual Control.
"We ask the Indian side to strictly control and restrain front-line troops and work with China to maintain peace and tranquility on the border," The Associated Press reported the spokesman as saying.
India expert Siddhartha Dubey, adjunct professor of journalism at Northwestern University in Illinois, told Fox News Digital, "It is an incredibly expensive proposition to keep armies on a freezing border at a heightened state of alert, especially for India, which has less resources than China."
He added that the situation is "far from stable. It is an unpredictable situation. … There are thousands of armed troops and considerable air power facing each other."
"China took territory two and a half years ago, and negotiations have not given India anything. It is a border dispute drawn by a departing colonial power, Britain, that did a bad job of it," said Dubey.
Pande also added that the Russia-Ukraine conflict has impacted the supply of spare parts for India’s military but did not provide more details. He also spoke about India’s reliance on equipment from those countries.
"The sustenance of these weapons systems — equipment in terms of spares, in terms of ammunition — is one issue that we have addressed," the Indian military chief said.
Experts say up to 60% of Indian defense equipment comes from Russia, and New Delhi finds itself in a bind amid the standoff with China over a territorial dispute.
The Times of India newspaper reported Thursday that India is having problems transporting back one of its diesel-run submarines after a major refit in Russia, which has been hit with sanctions over the Ukraine war.
India is soon slated to overtake China's population, according to a new United Nations report. India will supersede China’s population by April and reach nearly 1.7 billion people by 2050, in contrast to China’s expected population of 1.31 billion.
According to reports, China has 350 nuclear warheads, while India, the world’s largest democracy, has 160 nuclear warheads.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.