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As of Monday morning, Italy had 59,138 confirmed COVID-19 cases, the second-highest number in the world, according to a tally by Johns Hopkins University. Among all the people with the virus in the country, 5,476 have died, the university's tally said.
In the hardest-hit region of Lombardy, where nearly half of Italy's cases and two-thirds of deaths have taken place, officials on Sunday announced more restrictions after complaints that too many people were still going outside.
Outdoor exercise in the northern Italian region is now banned, and even dog walking faces strict limitations.
As of Sunday, the maximum radius for dog walking was set at around 650 feet.
Those who violate the new set of restrictions face fines of up to $5,345. Authorities have stressed the new restrictions were implemented after people abused the freedom of movement.
On Sunday, Rome Police Chief Franco Gabrielli said 80 people had been cited a day earlier -- including for shopping six miles from home, traveling about nine miles to a doctor’s appointment and claiming medical reasons for being out for a walk but lacking a doctor’s certification.
The action in Lombardy came ahead of new measures announced by Premier Giuseppe Conte to slow industrial production in eurozone's third-largest economy and a major exporter to only sectors deemed crucial.
Labor unions have threatened a general strike if too many factories remain open as the virus outbreak drags on, according to Italian news agency ANSA. Supermarkets, pharmacies, food stores, banks, post offices, and transport services will still remain open.
Two additional doctors died on Monday of COVID-19, bringing the death toll among the frontline medics to 19, according to ANSA.
Italian authorities said Sunday the increase in both infections and deaths had shown the first sign of narrowing in the previous 24 hours.
But in Spain, the number of new infections rose for the second day in a row.
Spain's new 4,517 COVID-19 infections on Monday brought the overall number since the beginning of the outbreak to 33,089. The day-to-day increase of around 15 percent is similar to the one seen the day before.
The number of deaths also jumped by 462. Spain now has 2,182 fatalities related to the virus as Spaniards are beginning their second week of confinement.
The Spanish government said deputy prime minister Carmen Calvo has been hospitalized with a respiratory infection and doctors are testing her for coronavirus.
The Spanish government is seeking parliamentary approval to extend the state emergency for two more weeks until April 11, but harsher measures like halting overall industrial production have been ruled out.
The virus has exploded across Europe in recent weeks.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.