White House officials say if not for day 44 of the oil spill, President Obama's speech would have heralded the beginning of his fight to protect the Democrats' congressional majority in what looks like a hostile, pro-GOP political environment.
"It's impossible to say the spill doesn't inhibit our ability to focus the nation's attention on other priorities," a White House official said after Obama's speech at Carnegie Mellon University. "If not for the spill, today's speech would have showed the contrast he wants to draw with Republicans and that might have created the biggest headlines."
Most of Obama's speech (transcript attached), dealt with economic progress on his watch - fundamental to the Democratic mid-term argument to retain power in Washington.
"After losing an average of 750,000 jobs a month during the winter of last year, we have now added jobs for five of the last six months, and we expect to see strong job growth in Friday's report," Obama said. "The taxpayer money it cost to shore up the financial sector and the auto industry is being repaid, and both GM and Chrysler are adding shifts and operating at a profit. Despite temporary setbacks, uncertain world events, and the resulting ups and downs of the market, this economy is getting stronger by the day."
But the speech also unveiled the central theme of Obama and party stalwarts in the mid-terms - the White House agenda looks optimistically forward, the Republican agenda is manacled to a misbegotten past.
"America does not stand still," Obama said near the top of his speech. "We move forward. That is why I've said that as we emerge from this recession, we cannot return to the pre-crisis status quo."
Obama said "move forward" six times and "moving forward" once. White House officials said this is, more or less, the bumper sticker for the mid-term election.
The speech also resurrected some general election broadsides meant to make Republicans defensive about -- for the third election cycle running - the Bush record.
"It's an agenda that basically offers two answers to every problem we face: more tax breaks for the wealthy and fewer rules for corporations," Obama said. "The last administration called this recycled idea 'The Ownership Society.' But what it essentially means is that everyone is on their own."
That was a catchy and winning Obama line during the general election (Obama and Hillary Clinton stalwarts can still be goaded into fights over which primary candidate said it first). That it's resurfaced underscores the White House belief in the continued potency of running against Bush -- even as it approaches the 18th month of its presidency.
"As November approaches, leaders in the other party will campaign furiously on the same economic argument they've been making for decades," Obama said. "Fortunately, we don't have to look back too many years to see how it turns out. They gutted regulations, and put industry insiders in charge of industry oversight. And despite all their current moralizing about the need to curb spending, this is the same crowd who took the record $237 billion surplus that President Clinton left them and turned it into a record $1.3 trillion deficit."
But this theme, White House officials concede, was largely lost in the extensive media focus on the oil spill - and another faltering effort by BP to cap the spewing well.
But GOP Minority Leader John Boehner seized upon the speech, calling it empty and un-presidential.
"If the President is truly serious about helping our economy and saving our kids and grand-kids from even more unconscionable debt, he should call on House and Senate Democrats to offer a budget that cuts spending right now to help create jobs," Boehner said. "With a national debt now at $13 trillion, Americans are demanding fiscal sanity and real leadership from Washington. The president diminishes the Office of the President when he resorts to straw man arguments that willfully mis-characterize the views of others. All of the President’s talk of post-partisanship, reaching out, and finding common ground reminds us that the country deserves better than his hyper-partisan speech today.”
As he has before, Obama grafted comments about the environmental catastrophe onto a speech about larger presidential themes and political priorities.
In fact, Obama vowed to personally press for Senate votes on carbon-based pollution, a high risk pledge as Senate resistance to energy taxes has increased in recent months.
"The votes may not be there right now, but I intend to find them in the coming months," Obama said. "I will continue to make the case for a clean energy future wherever and whenever I can, and I will work with anyone from either party to get this done. But we will get this done. The next generation will not be held hostage to energy sources from the last century."
What will happen to the next generation of American and 20th century energy sources remains unknown. What the White House knows is the oil slick will, as it did today, follow Obama everywhere.
As promised, the full text of Obama's speech -- as prepared for delivery:
It's great to be back at Carnegie Mellon, and in the beautiful city of Pittsburgh. I love visiting a good sports town. Last year, I stole Dan Rooney to serve as my ambassador to Ireland. But to make it up to you, I invited both the Steelers and the Penguins to the White House to celebrate their championships. And seeing as how the Blackhawks are headed to Philly tonight with a 2-0 lead in the Stanley Cup Finals, let's just say I'm glad to be on this side of the state today.
Of course, we meet here at an incredibly difficult time for America - among other things, it's a time when the worst environmental disaster of its kind in our nation's history is threatening the Gulf Coast and the people who live there. Right now, stopping this oil spill and containing its damage must be the top priority of my Administration, and we are waging this battle every minute of every day.
But at the same time, we are continuing our efforts to recover and rebuild from an economic disaster that has touched the lives of nearly every American. And that's what I want to talk about today - the state of our economy, the future we must seize, and the path we choose to get there.
It has now been a little over sixteen months since I took office amid one of the worst economic storms in our history. And to navigate that storm, my administration was forced to take some dramatic and unpopular steps.
Those steps have succeeded in breaking the freefall. We are again moving in the right direction. An economy that was shrinking at an alarming rate when I became President has now been growing for three consecutive quarters. After losing an average of 750,000 jobs a month during the winter of last year, we have now added jobs for five of the last six months, and we expect to see strong job growth in Friday's report. The taxpayer money it cost to shore up the financial sector and the auto industry is being repaid, and both GM and Chrysler are adding shifts and operating at a profit. Despite temporary setbacks, uncertain world events, and the resulting ups and downs of the market, this economy is getting stronger by the day.
Of course, none of this means that the recession is over for the millions of Americans who are still looking for a job or a way to pay the bills. Not by a long shot. The devastation created by the deepest downturn since the Great Depression has hit people and communities across our country hard. And it will not be a real recovery until people can feel it in their own lives.
In the immediate future, this means doing whatever is necessary to keep the recovery going and spur job growth. But in the long-term, it means recognizing that for many middle-class families, a sense of economic security has been missing since long before this recession began. Over the last decade, these families saw their income decline. They saw the cost of things like health care and college tuition reach record highs. They lived through a so-called economic "expansion" that generated slower job growth than any prior expansion since World War II. No wonder some have called the last ten years "the lost decade."
So the anxiety that's out there today isn't new. The recession has certainly made it worse, but that feeling of not being in control of your own economic future - that sense that the American Dream is slowly slipping away - that's been around for some time.
For better or worse, our generation of Americans has been buffeted by tremendous forces of economic change. Long gone are the days when a high school diploma could guarantee a job at the local factory - not when so many of those factories have moved overseas. Pittsburgh, a city that was once defined by the steel industry, knows this better than many. And today, the ability of jobs and entire industries to relocate wherever there's skilled workers and an internet connection has forced America to compete like never before.
From China to India to Europe, other nations have already realized this. They're putting a greater emphasis on math and science, and demanding more from their students. Some countries are building high-speed railroads and expanding broadband access. They're making serious investments in technology and clean energy because they want to win the competition for those jobs.
So we cannot afford to stand pat while the world races by. The United States of America did not become the most prosperous nation on Earth by sheer luck or happenstance. We got here because each time a generation of Americans has faced a changing world, we have changed with it. We have not feared our future, we have shaped it.
America does not stand still. We move forward. That is why I've said that as we emerge from this recession, we cannot return to the pre-crisis status quo. We cannot go back to an economy that was too dependent on bubbles and debt and financial speculation. We cannot accept economic growth that leaves the middle-class owing more and making less. We must build a new, stronger foundation for growth and prosperity - and that's exactly what we've been doing for the last sixteen months.
It's a foundation based on investments in our people and their future. Investments in the skills and education we need to compete. Investments in a 21st century infrastructure for America - from high-speed railroads to high-speed internet. Investments in research and technology, like clean energy, that can lead to new jobs and new exports and new industries.
This new foundation is also based on reforms that will make our economy stronger and our businesses more competitive - reforms that will make health care cheaper, our financial system more secure, and our government less burdened with debt.
In a global economy, we cannot pursue this agenda in a vacuum. At the height of the financial crisis, the coordinated action we took with the nations of the G20 prevented a global depression and helped restore worldwide growth. And as we have recently witnessed in Europe, economic difficulties in one part of the world can affect everyone else. That's why we must keep working with the nations of the G20 to pursue more balanced growth. It's why we need to coordinate financial reform with other nations so that we avoid a global race to the bottom. It's why we need to open new markets and meet the goal of my National Export Initiative: to double our exports over the next five years. And it's why we need to ensure that our competitors play fair and our agreements are enforced. This too is part of building a new foundation.
Now, some of you may have noticed that we have been building this foundation without much help from our friends in the other party. From our efforts to rescue the economy to health insurance reform to financial reform, most have sat on the sidelines and shouted from the bleachers. They said no to tax cuts for small businesses; no to tax credits for college tuition; no to investments in clean energy. They said no to protecting patients from insurance companies and consumers from big banks.
Some of this, of course, is just politics. Before I was even inaugurated, the congressional leaders of the other party got together and made a calculation that if I failed, they'd win. So when I went to meet with them about the need for a Recovery Act, they announced they were against it before I even arrived at the Capitol. Before we even had a health care bill, a Republican Senator actually said, "If we're able to stop Obama on this, it will be his Waterloo. It will break him." So those weren't hopeful signs.
But to be fair, a good deal of the other party's opposition to our agenda has also been rooted in their sincere and fundamental belief about government. It's a belief that government has little or no role to play in helping this nation meet our collective challenges. It's an agenda that basically offers two answers to every problem we face: more tax breaks for the wealthy and fewer rules for corporations.
The last administration called this recycled idea "The Ownership Society." But what it essentially means is that everyone is on their own. If no matter how hard you work, your paycheck isn't enough to pay for college or health care or child care, you're on your own. If misfortune causes you to lose your job or your home, you're on your own. And if you're a Wall Street Bank or an insurance company or an oil company - you pretty much get to play by your own rules, regardless of the consequences for everyone else.
Now, I've never believed that government has all the answers. Government cannot and should not replace businesses as the true engine of growth and job creation. Government cannot instill good values and a sense of responsibility in our children like a parent can. Too much government can deprive us of choice and burden us with debt. Poorly designed regulations can choke off competition and the capital businesses need to thrive.
I understand this argument. After all, one-third of the Recovery Act we designed was made up of tax cuts for families and small businesses. Despite calls for a single-payer, government-run health care plan, we passed reform that maintains our system of private health insurance.
But I also understand that throughout our nation's history, we have balanced the threat of overreaching government with the dangers of unfettered markets. We've provided a basic safety net - because any one of us might experience hardship at some time in our lives, and may need some help getting back on our feet. And we have recognized that there have been times when only government has been able to do what individuals couldn't do and corporations wouldn't do. That's how we have railroads and highways; public schools and police forces. That's how we've made possible scientific research that's led to medical breakthroughs like the vaccine for hepatitis B and technological wonders like GPS. That's how we have Social Security, a minimum wage, and laws to protect the food we eat, the water we drink, and the air we breathe. That's how we have rules to ensure that mines are safe and that oil companies pay for the spills they cause.
There have always been those who've said no to such protections and investments. There were accusations that Social Security would lead to socialism, and that Medicare was a government takeover. There were bankers who claimed the creation of federal deposit insurance would destroy the industry, and automakers who argued that installing seat belts was unnecessary and unaffordable. There were skeptics who thought the cleaning of our water and our air would bankrupt our economy.
All of these claims proved false. And all of these reforms led to greater security and prosperity for our people and our economy.
What was true then is true today. As November approaches, leaders in the other party will campaign furiously on the same economic argument they've been making for decades. Fortunately, we don't have to look back too many years to see how it turns out. For much of the last ten years, we tried it their way. They gave tax cuts that weren't paid for to millionaires who didn't need them. They gutted regulations, and put industry insiders in charge of industry oversight. They shortchanged investments in clean energy and education; in research and technology. And despite all their current moralizing about the need to curb spending, this is the same crowd who took the record $237 billion surplus that President Clinton left them and turned it into a record $1.3 trillion deficit.
So we already know where their ideas led us. And now we have a choice as a nation. We can return to the failed economic policies of the past, or we can keep building a stronger future. We can go backward, or we can keep moving forward.
I don't know about you, but I want to move forward.
Now, the first step in building a new foundation has been to address the costs and risks that have made our economy less competitive - outdated regulations, crushing health care costs, and a growing debt.
To start with, we cannot compete as a nation if the irresponsibility of a few Wall Street bankers and executives can bring our entire economy to its knees. That's why we're on the verge of passing the most sweeping financial reform since the Great Depression. It's reform that will help prevent another AIG. It will end taxpayer-funded bank bailouts. And it contains the strongest consumer protections in history - protections that will empower Americans with the clear and concise information they need before signing up for a credit card or taking out a mortgage.
Financial reform will not guard against every instance of greed and irresponsibility on Wall Street, but it will enshrine a new principle in our financial system: from now on, instead of competing to see who can come up with the cleverest scheme to make the quickest buck, financial institutions will compete to see who can make the better product and the better service. That's a competition that benefits Wall Street and Main Street. And it's why we cannot afford to go back. We must move forward.
We also know we can't compete in a global economy if our citizens are forced to spend more and more of their income on medical bills; if our businesses are forced to choose between health care and hiring; if state and federal budgets are weighed down with skyrocketing health care costs.
That's why we finally passed health insurance reform. Now, let's be clear - costs will not come down overnight because health care passed, and in an ever-changing industry like health care, we will continuously need more cost-cutting measures as the years go by.
But once this reform is in full effect, middle-class families will pay less for their health care, and the worst practices of the insurance companies will end. People with pre-existing medical conditions will no longer be excluded from coverage. People who become seriously ill will no longer be thrown off their coverage for reasons contrived by their insurance companies. Taxpayers will no longer have to pay - in the form of higher premiums - for trips to the ER by uninsured Americans. Businesses will get help with their health care costs - in fact, small businesses are already learning they're eligible for tax credits to cover their workers. And with less waste and greater efficiency in the system, this reform will do more to bring down the deficit than any step we've taken in more than a decade.
The other party has staked their claim this November on repealing these health insurance reforms instead of making them work. They want to go back. I say we move forward.
Making health care more cost efficient is critical, because it's also true that we cannot be competitive as a nation if we remain dragged down by our growing debt.
By the time I took office, we had a one year deficit of over $1 trillion and projected deficits of $8 trillion over the next decade. Most of this was the result of not paying for two major tax cuts skewed to the wealthy and a worthy but expensive prescription drug program. And I always find it interesting that the same people who participated in these decisions are the ones who now charge our administration with fiscal irresponsibility.
The truth is, if I had taken office in ordinary times, I would have liked nothing more than to start bringing down the deficits they created. But we took office amid a crisis, and the effects of the recession put a $3 trillion hole in our budget before I even walked in the door. Additionally, the steps we took to save the economy from depression temporarily added more to the deficit - and if we had spiraled into a depression, our deficits and debt levels would be far worse.
Now, the economy is still fragile, so we cannot put on the brakes too quickly. We have to do what it takes to ensure a strong recovery. A growing economy will unquestionably improve our fiscal health, as will the steps we take in the short-term to put Americans back to work.
That's why I signed a bill that will provide tax cuts for small businesses that hire unemployed workers, and why I've urged Congress to pass a Small Business Lending Fund, so that small businesses can get the credit they need to create jobs and grow. I also believe it's critical that we extend unemployment insurance for several more months, so that Americans who've been laid off through no fault of their own get the support they need to provide for their families and can maintain their health insurance until they're rehired. And we're working to give state and local governments the resources they need to prevent the likely layoff of hundreds of thousands of public school teachers over the next few months.
But as we look ahead, we cannot lose sight of the urgent need to get our fiscal house in order. And I believe there are four key components to putting our budget on a sustainable path. Maintaining economic growth is the first, and health care reform is the second.
The third component is the belt-tightening steps I've outlined to reduce our deficit by $1 trillion. Starting in 2011, we will enact a three-year freeze on all discretionary spending outside of national security - something that was never enacted in the last administration. We will allow the tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans to expire. We have gone through the budget, line by line, and identified more than 120 programs for elimination. We have restored a simple budgeting rule that every family and business understands: Pay-as-you-go. And we will charge the largest Wall Street firms a fee to repay the American people for rescuing them during the financial crisis - a fee that will bring down the deficit by $90 billion over the next decade. This is only one-eighth of the amount these banks will pay out in bonuses over the same time period.
Finally, the fourth component in improving our fiscal health is the bipartisan Fiscal Commission I've established that will provide a specific set of solutions by fall to deal with our medium and long-term deficit. This won't be easy. I know that some like to make the argument that if only we eliminated pork and foreign aid, we could eliminate our deficit. But such spending makes up just three percent of our deficit. Three percent. So meeting this challenge will require some very difficult decisions about the largely popular programs that make up the other 97%.
It means we'll have to sort through our priorities and figure out what programs that we can do without. On this point I strongly agree with my friends in the other party. What I don't agree with is the notion that we should also sacrifice critical investments in our people and our future. If you're a family who's tightening your belt, you may sacrifice going out to dinner, but not saving for your child's college education. It is precisely our investments in education and innovation that will make America more competitive in the 21st century. We cannot go back. We must move forward.
That's why I've made education reform a top priority - because countries that out-educate us today will out-compete us tomorrow. And so we want every citizen to have the skills and training they need in a global economy - from the day you're born through whatever career you may choose.
Last year, we launched a national competition to improve our schools based on a simple idea: instead of funding the status quo, we only invest in reform - reform that raises student achievement, inspires students to excel in math and science, and turns around failing schools that steal the future of too many young Americans. And to achieve my goal of ensuring America once more has the highest proportion of college graduates in the world by 2020, we passed a law that will make college more affordable by ending the unnecessary taxpayer-subsidies that go to financial institutions for student loans. It's a bill that will also revitalize our community colleges, which are a career pathway to the children of so many working families.
In addition to training our workers for the jobs of the future, we're also investing in the innovation that will create those jobs in America - the research, technology, and infrastructure that will secure our economic future.
Right now, the Recovery Act is putting Americans to work building a 21st century America - because there's no reason that China should have the fastest trains or that rural Pennsylvania should be without high-speed internet access. From the first railroads to the interstate highway system, this nation has always been built to compete. So we're investing in new infrastructure - expanded broadband, health information technology, advanced manufacturing facilities, and America's first high-speed rail network.
We're also investing in the ideas and technologies that will lead to new jobs and entire new industries. Consider what we've done with clean energy. The tax credits and loan guarantees in the Recovery Act alone will lead to 720,000 clean energy jobs in America by 2012. To take just one example, the United States used to make less than 2% of the world's advanced batteries for hybrid cars. By 2015, we'll have enough capacity to make up to 40% of these batteries.
And this brings me to an issue that's on everyone's mind right now - namely, what kind of energy future can insure our long-term prosperity.
The catastrophe unfolding in the Gulf right now may prove to be a result of human error - or of corporations taking dangerous short-cuts that compromised safety, or a combination of both. And I've launched a National Commission so that the American people will have answers on exactly what happened.
But we have to also acknowledge that there are inherent risks to drilling four miles beneath the surface of the Earth - risks that are bound to increase the harder oil extraction becomes. Just like we have to acknowledge that an America run solely on fossil fuels should not be the vision we have for our children and grandchildren.
We consume more than 20% of the world's oil, but have less than 2% of the world's oil reserves. So without a major change in our energy policy, our dependence on oil means that we will continue to send billions of dollars of our hard-earned wealth to other countries every month - including countries in dangerous and unstable regions. In other words, our continued dependence on fossil fuels will jeopardize our national security. It will smother our planet. And it will continue to put our economy and our environment at risk.
Now, I understand that we cannot end our dependence on fossil fuels overnight. That's why I've supported offshore oil production as one part of our overall energy strategy. But we can pursue such production only if it's safe; and only if it's used as a short-term solution while we transition to a clean energy economy.
The time has come to aggressively accelerate that transition. The time has come, once and for all, for this nation to fully embrace a clean energy future. That means continuing our unprecedented effort to make everything from our homes and businesses to our cars and trucks more energy efficient. It means tapping into our natural gas reserves, and moving ahead with our plan to expand our nation's fleet of nuclear power plants. And it means rolling back billions of dollars in tax breaks to oil companies so we can prioritize investments in clean energy research and development.
But the only way the transition to clean energy will succeed is if the private sector is fully invested in this future - if capital comes off the sidelines and the ingenuity of our entrepreneurs is unleashed. And the only way to do that is by finally putting a price on carbon pollution.
Many businesses have already embraced this idea because it provides a level of certainty about the future. And for those that face transition costs, we can help them adjust. But if we refuse to take into account the full cost of our fossil fuel addiction - if we don't factor in the environmental costs and national security costs and true economic costs - we will have missed our best chance to seize a clean energy future.
The House of Representatives has already passed a comprehensive energy and climate bill, and there is currently a plan in the Senate - a plan that was developed with ideas from Democrats and Republicans - that would achieve the same goals. The votes may not be there right now, but I intend to find them in the coming months. I will continue to make the case for a clean energy future wherever and whenever I can, and I will work with anyone from either party to get this done. But we will get this done. The next generation will not be held hostage to energy sources from the last century. We will not move backwards. America will move forward.
This overarching principle - that we must invest in, and embrace, the innovation and technology of the future and not the past - applies beyond our energy policy. That's why we've decided to devote more than three percent of our GDP to research and development - to spur the discovery of services, products, and businesses we have yet to imagine. We've also proposed making the research and experimentation tax credit permanent - a tax credit that helps businesses afford the high costs of developing new technologies and new products. And last year, we made the largest investment in basic research funding in history.
The possibilities of where this research might lead us are endless. Imagine a new treatment that kills cancer cells but leaves healthy ones untouched, or regenerative medicine that ends the agonizing wait for an organ transplant. Imagine a lightweight vest for soldiers and police officers that can stop armor-piercing bullets, or educational software that's as effective and engaging as a personal tutor, or intelligent prosthetics that can enable a wounded veteran to play piano again. And now imagine all the workers and small business owners and consumers who would benefit from these discoveries.
We can't know for certain what the future will bring. We can't guess with one hundred percent accuracy what industries and innovations will next shape our world. I'm sure there were times when this city couldn't imagine life without steel mills and the heavy smog that filled these streets. And when that industry shrank and so many jobs were lost, who could've guessed that Pittsburgh would fare better than many other Rust Belt cities, and reemerge as a center for technology, green jobs, health care, and education? Who would've thought that the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center's logo would one day adorn the U.S. Steel Tower, or that this institute of higher education would be the region's largest employer?
All of this came to be because as a community, you prepared and adapted and invested in a better future - even if you weren't sure of what that future would look like.
That's what America does. That's what we've always done. The interests of the status quo will always have the most vocal and powerful defenders. There will always be lobbyists for the bank or the insurance industry that doesn't want more regulation; or the corporation that would prefer to see more tax breaks instead of more investments in infrastructure or education. And let's face it - a lot of us find the prospect of change scary, even when we know the status quo isn't working for us.
But there's no natural lobby for the clean energy company that may start a few years from now; or the research that may lead to a life-saving medical breakthrough; or the student who may not be able to afford a college education.
It's our job as a nation to advocate on behalf of the America we hope for - to make decisions that will benefit the next generation. Even if it's not always popular. Even if we can't always see those benefits in the short-term. We make decisions like this on behalf of our own children every day. And while it's harder to do with an entire country as large and diverse as ours, it's no less important.
The role of government has never been to plan every detail or dictate every outcome. At its best, government has simply knocked away barriers to opportunity and laid the foundation for a better future. Our people - with all their drive and ingenuity - always end up building the rest. If we can do that again - if we can continue building that foundation and making those hard decisions on behalf of the next generation, I have no doubt that we will leave our children the America we hope for.