On this day, July 28 ...
2009: The Senate Judiciary Committee approves Judge Sonia Sotomayor to be the U.S. Supreme Court's first Hispanic justice, over nearly solid Republican opposition.
Also on this day:
- 1609: The English ship Sea Venture, commanded by Adm. Sir George Somers, runs ashore on Bermuda, where the passengers and crew founded a colony.
- 1914: World War I begins as Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
- 1915: More than 300 American sailors and Marines arrived in Haiti to restore order following the killing of Haitian President Vibrun Guillaume Sam by rebels, beginning a 19-year U.S. occupation.
- 1945: A U.S. Army bomber crashes into the 79th floor of New York's Empire State Building, killing 14 people.
- 1965: President Lyndon B. Johnson announces he was increasing the number of American troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000 "almost immediately."
- 1976: An earthquake devastates northern China, killing at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate.
- 1984: The Los Angeles Summer Olympics opens.
- 2006: Mel Gibson goes into an anti-Semitic tirade as he is being arrested on the Pacific Coast Highway in Malibu, Calif., on suspicion of driving while drunk; Gibson would later apologize and be sentenced to probation and alcohol treatment.
- 2017: The Senate votes 51-49 to reject Majority Leader Mitch McConnell's last-ditch effort to dismantle President Barack Obama's health care overhaul with a trimmed-down bill. John McCain, who was about to begin treatments for a brain tumor, joins two other GOP senators in voting against the repeal effort.
- 2017: British baby Charlie Gard dies, a week shy of his first birthday; his parents had fought for the right to take him to the United States for an experimental treatment for a rare genetic disease that left him brain-damaged.