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SPRING CITY, Pa. – A United Methodist minister convicted under church law of performing his son's same-sex wedding ceremony could learn Tuesday if he'll be defrocked.
A jury of his pastoral peers convicted the Rev. Frank Schaefer on Monday of breaking his vows by officiating at the 2007 ceremony in Massachusetts after a trial that has rekindled debate over the denomination's policies on homosexuality and same-sex marriage.
The jury reconvened Tuesday morning for the penalty phase, at which both sides will present witnesses. Schaefer could face punishment ranging from a reprimand to a suspension to losing his minister's credentials.
"Obviously I'm very saddened. What we're hoping for tomorrow is a light sentence," Schaefer's son, Tim Schaefer, 29, whose wedding led to the charges, said after the verdict Monday night.
Frank Schaefer didn't deny that he performed his son's wedding, but said he did it out of love, not a desire to flout church teaching on homosexuality.
"I did not want to make this a protest about the doctrine of the church. I wasn't trying to be an advocate," Schaefer testified at his trial, held at a Methodist retreat in southeastern Pennsylvania. "I just wanted this to be a beautiful family affair, and it was that."
But the Rev. Christopher Fisher, who acted as the church's prosecutor, told jurors that Schaefer's disobedience couldn't go unpunished.
"Ministers are not free to reinterpret (their) vows according to personal preference," said Fisher, whose closing argument condemning homosexuality prompted Schaefer's supporters to stand in silent protest in the gymnasium that served as a temporary courtroom.
"As a father, I understand the desire to show love and support to my children," Fisher said. "It's not always true we can do for our children everything they want us to do. True love draws boundaries."
The nation's largest mainline Protestant denomination accepts gay and lesbian members, but it rejects the practice of homosexuality as "incompatible with Christian teaching" and forbids pastors from marrying same-sex partners.
Testifying in his defense Monday, Schaefer said he might have lost what he called his "ritual purity" by disobeying the Methodist Book of Discipline, but he said he felt he was obeying God's command to minister to everyone.
The church's sole witness was Jon Boger, a member of Schaefer's congregation in Lebanon, who filed a complaint against the pastor less than a month before the six-year statute of limitations was set to expire.
He said he felt betrayed when he learned earlier this year that Schaefer, who had baptized his children and buried his grandparents, had presided over a gay wedding.
"When pastors take the law of the church in their own hand ... it undermines their own credibility as a leader and also undermines the integrity of the church as a whole," Boger said.
Boger acknowledged that his mother — the church's choir director for more than 40 years — and Schaefer had a falling out in the months leading up to the complaint. But he denied that is what motivated him to follow up on rumors that Schaefer had officiated at his son's wedding.