The state of New York will allow some undocumented immigrants to teach and practice medicine after the state’s licensing board voted Tuesday to accept applications from immigrants brought to the U.S. as children.
The action by the Board of Regents will open up new opportunities for thousands of people with Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals – or DACA – status.
"They are American in every way but immigration status," state Education Commissioner MaryEllen Elia said in Albany. "They've done everything right. They've worked hard in school, some have even served in the military."
The DACA policy implemented by the Obama administration is June 2012 granted recipients the legal right to work in the United States.
In New York, though, some professional licenses were previously limited by state statute to people who are citizens or have legal immigration status. The new policy opens the licensing process up to DACA holders, provided they meet all the educational requirements the licenses require.
California, Florida and Nevada also have eased some licensing restrictions.
Attorney General Eric Schneiderman called the Regents' action, which takes effect June 1, "another critical step toward addressing our broken immigration system."
Supporters of the measure said the candidates, who are often bilingual, can help ease the state's shortage of bilingual teachers, service providers and school leaders and cut down the wait time that families of English language learners face for bilingual speech and psychological evaluations and services.
A public comment period that followed preliminary approval of the regulations in February also generated several opposing views. Some said the Regents should have first expedited the professional licensing process for military spouses, while others said immigrants who are in the country illegally shouldn't be licensed to teach when there are American-born teachers who are out of work.
"Why should people who are in the United States illegally be afforded the same rights and privileges as those in this country legally," one unidentified commenter asked.
The federal policy is aimed at those who entered the U.S. before they were 16 years old and have been here continuously since 2007. It is not a legal immigration status, but it puts off deportation and gives eligible residents access to things like legal employment and, in some places, in-state tuition rates at state colleges.
Based on the reporting by the Associated Press.