Barba was initially charged in Norfolk General District Court, but she now faces a federal indictment on charges of conspiracy to distribute cocaine, heroin and fentanyl, the Virginian-Pilot of Norfolk reported.
On Oct. 11, when Barba was arrested, she was allegedly directed by a co-conspirator to transport about 830 grams, or close to two pounds, of fentanyl, to someone.
She had been free on a $50,000 secured bond since Oct. 27, but was taken into federal custody Monday, the Asbury Park Press of New Jersey reported.
Barba, originally from New Jersey, reached the top 16 on "American Idol" in 2007 and competed on “Fear Factor” in 2012. She appeared in 2018 on ABC's "Jimmy Kimmel Live" for a segment featuring other "Idol" alums titled “Where Are They Now?”
Barba's arrest was one of the latest controversies for the aspiring singer, who also has a felony marijuana case pending in Kansas, according to the Virginian-Pilot.
She was arrested for shoplifting in New York City in 2011, and also drew backlash in 2007 for posing in a wet T-shirt near the World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C.
Fox News' Dom Calicchio and the Associated Press contributed to this report.