The Vatican has upheld its conviction of Guam's ousted archbishop for sexually abusing minors and has added a further penalty on appeal.

The Vatican announced the definitive decision against Archbishop Anthony Apuron Thursday. In doing so, it revealed for the first time that he had been originally convicted of sexually abusing minors.

The Vatican confirmed that conviction and the original sentence, which removed Apuron from office and prohibited him from living on the Pacific island. And in an additional penalty, the Vatican has prohibited him for life for using the insignia of a bishop.