UNITED NATIONS – The European Union and Japan circulated a draft U.N. resolution Friday that condemns "gross" human rights violations in North Korea and encourages the U.N. Security Council to refer the reclusive Asian nation to the International Criminal Court.
The draft General Assembly resolution encourages the council to consider targeted sanctions against those "who appear to be most responsible" for acts that a groundbreaking U.N. commission of inquiry report early last year said "may constitute crimes against humanity."
Marzuki Darusman, the special rapporteur on human rights in North Korea, put the spotlight on forced labor in North Korea as a human rights violation in a report to the General Assembly Wednesday that also cited summary executions, arbitrary detention, torture, massive ill-treatment of individuals in political prison camps and severe discrimination based on social class.
The draft resolution, obtained by The Associated Press, strongly urges the North Korean government to immediately end human rights violations, close prison camps and tackle the root causes leading to people fleeing the country.
The 193-member General Assembly is expected to vote on the resolution in December.
North Korea's dismal human rights situation has been under attack for more than a year. The groundbreaking U.N. inquiry forced Pyongyang to discuss an issue it usually disdains. Last December, the General Assembly approved a non-binding resolution urging the Security Council to refer North Korea's human rights situation to the ICC — but the council so far has not taken any action, mainly because of opposition from China, an ally of Pyongyang.
This year's draft resolution expresses "grave concern" at the commission of inquiry's findings and the lack of accountability.
It stresses North Korea's responsibility "to protect its population from crimes against humanity" and condemns "the longstanding and ongoing systematic, widespread and gross violations of human rights" in the country.
It singles out rights violations including reports of torture, the extensive system of prison camps, limits on freedom of movement, and severe restrictions on freedoms of thought, conscience, religion, opinion, peaceful assembly, association, privacy and access to information.