CAIRO – An Egyptian opposition coalition of secular and left-leaning parties has urged authorities on Monday to immediately release a former diplomat who earlier this month called for a referendum on President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi's government.
Masoum Marzouk, a veteran of the 1973 war against Israel who served in the Egyptian army's special forces, was arrested along with other activists on Thursday. They were ordered to remain in custody for 15 days pending an investigation into terror-related charges.
The Civil Democratic Movement coalition said Monday in a press conference that the arrests were "part of the government crackdown to silence opposition voices."
The coalition also called for other activists who arrested on Thursday along with Marzouk, including and Raied Salama, an economist from Marzouk's group and Yehia al-Qazzaz, a geology professor who recently called for el-Sissi's ouster on his Facebook page, writing "resistance is the solution."
Mohammed Anwar Sadat, nephew of Egypt's late leader Anwar Sadat, said in the press conference that it is time for "genuine political reform... for the president and the state to listen" to the opposition.
Opposition leader Hamdeen Sabahi meanwhile called for political change. "We believe that this regime must be changed. This is a failed power. This is a repressive power ... which violated and insulted the constitution," he said in the press conference.
The coalition dismissed what it said is "a defamation and inciting campaign" by state-run and pro-government media since Marzouk proposed his roadmap for a political transition earlier this month. Pro-government media in the past weeks lashed out at the former diplomate and his associates, labelling them "traitors." They also claimed the detainees cooperated with the banned Muslim Brotherhood group, which the government designated as a terrorist group in 2013 after the military overthrow of an elected but divisive Islamist president.
Khaled Dawoud, leader of the liberal al-Dustour party, denied that he had made any contact with the Muslim Brotherhood. "We are parties which believe in the January revolution (that toppled long-time autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011) and its second wave in June 30 (2013). There is no basis (that we had) a dialogue with the Brotherhood," he said.
Earlier this month, Marzouk had called for a referendum and proposed a political roadmap if Egyptians voted against the government. The transition would have included the suspension of the constitution, the termination of the current presidential term and the dissolution of parliament, which is packed with el-Sissi supporters. Marzouk said if the government rejected his proposal he would hold a "popular conference" in Tahrir Square — epicenter of the 2011 uprising — on Aug. 31.
El-Sissi was re-elected for a second four-year term in March after all serious challengers were either arrested or pressured into quitting the race. He led the 2013 military ouster of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi following mass protests against his divisive yearlong rule.
Authorities have waged a sweeping crackdown on dissent in recent years, jailing thousands of dissidents and rolling back freedoms won in the 2011 uprising. The government has banned unauthorized protests, heavily restricted civil society groups and blocked hundreds of websites.
Austerity measures aimed at rebuilding the economy after years of unrest have meanwhile taken a heavy toll on poor and middle-class Egyptians. With virtually all other avenues of dissent shut down, Egyptians have taken to social media to vent their criticism of the government, with a popular hashtag calling on el-Sissi to resign.
El-Sissi recently said that he was "upset" over the online calls for him to step down.