'Glenn Beck': Segregation in the 20th Century

This is a rush transcript from "Glenn Beck," August 20, 2010. This copy may not be in its final form and may be updated.

GLENN BECK, HOST: Welcome to "The Glenn Beck Program."

It's been a three-day journey. We have been trying to figure out the truth of America — race relations, the truth behind the civil war and slavery. We know all the big stuff. We have that.

But we've told you now in the last couple of days, yesterday, we told you about the evolution of indentured servitude and then into slavery. And then after all the blood, sweat, tears of the civil war, came Reconstruction, nightmare. Yet, another example of the government coming in and trying to fix things that just went horribly awry because power and money were at stake.

And when you couple government interference with the beginning of now, this — this. This is the beginning of the religious aspect dragging us back in. We had just escaped slavery. Now, what's dragging us back in? Religion. Social justice.

This — this is "Our Country" by Josiah Strong. He was a minister. This is a recipe for disaster. He rose to prominence with a book about Anglo-Saxon supremacy called, "Our Country."

He wrote that, in it, "Powerful whites will move down upon Mexico, down on Central and South America and upon the island of the sea, over upon Africa and beyond."

It was — oh, it's bad stuff. It is manifest destiny times 10. 1898.

Strong found something called the League of Social Service. It became an institute for social service in America. He dedicated the rest of his life to the advocacy of the social gospel. Religion.

Religion and government — and they're about to come together again.

1903, New York Times article quoted President Teddy Roosevelt saying this of Strong's institute, quote, "Apparently, it is proving to be the beginning of a world movement and it is being recognized that the best men — by the best men of many different countries as a necessity in each and all of these countries in order to facilitate the readjustment — the readjustment of social relations to the new conditions created by the Modern Industrial Revolution."

So, we have to make progress here — all in the name of common good and God. Look out. A nightmare is coming.


BECK: America, we've been doing history of the civil rights for the past couple of days. We've shown you parts and each layer yesterday.

And this was the best cake I've ever — I mean, I've ever had and I grew up in a bakery. The "Cake Boss" made this cake for us yesterday. It had different layers, different colors. It was tasty.

The civil rights movement, the reason why we had the cake made is because we wanted to show the different layers of the civil right movement. You know, the big ones — the big ones. You know MLK. You know Abraham Lincoln.

This program is not intended to be the end-all and be-all. We don't have enough time to go through every single layer of 400 years. What we're trying to do is show us the history that you aren't taught to hopefully inspire you to go out and search more information.

One of the — one of the mantras of this show, or at least of me, is: question with boldness. Question everything.

Listen, if you're going to college right now, don't you listen to those professors. Don't you just take it from them. You question them. You read everything they tell you not to read. You read everything they tell you to read and then you read everything that they tell you not to read.

You find out why they don't like it. Challenge them. Find out on your own what's true. These people — what are you paying for in college?

All right. We talked about the Indians. We talked about slavery, the beginning. Indentured servitude, the worsening, the end of slavery, which is a nightmare. And that left us last night with segregation and continued forms of abominable discrimination.

If you had to guess as we move to civil rights era, starting at 1900, 1960 — if you were to guess which political party were the racists that wanted to segregate the population based on the rhetoric of today, what would it be? The Republicans, right? Oh, they hate everybody who's different. That's what the politicians want you to believe today.

I don't know. You have to decide what the truth is today. But don't base it on the past. Base it on today.

Politicians now mold themselves with the early 20th century progressives. Look into the early 20th century progressives — they're nightmares.

Now, I'm not here to tell you that all progressives are racists, all non-progressives are not racists. That's not true. Race problems is a human condition. There are racists everywhere.

But that's not the main part of any society. But you only hear one side of the story. So, let's see what history shows us.

And remember, keep in mind, these institutions, you look throughout history for these institutions, they should be keeping check on one another. Religion, commerce, science, government — you just keep look at these things. When you see them all start to collude, you're in trouble.

Now, let's look at one of the early 20th century progressives — I hate this guy — Woodrow Wilson, lauded by modern day scholars, ranked eighth on a U.S. news survey of our greatest presidents. Who did they survey? Your professors. Ask them why.

You'd think Wilson was a wonderful president. In the beginning of his tenure, minorities had great hope for President Wilson.

William Monroe Trotter, where is he? Here he is. This guy. He graduated magna cum laude from Harvard, devoted himself to the National Equal Rights League.

He threw his support behind Wilson who came in just at the end, promised change. Things changed. They sure did after Wilson's policies rapidly departed from any of the campaign message.

Gee, who does that — in an era, where people like Trotter were trying to end segregation, Wilson, this SOB — I hate this guy — he had different ideas. He started — he started to do all kinds of things. He imprisoned non-nationalized Germans in internment camps.

Who the first people to round them up and put them into a camp? Woodrow Wilson. He had 6,000 people forced into internment camps.

Wilson also made the decision to re — listen carefully — re-segregate government offices.

Well, Trotter went crazy on that! He sought a meeting with President Wilson. Remember, he's a big Wilson supporter. He sought a meeting with this guy. Finally got to him, spoke to him, didn't go real well.

Wilson became angry with Trotter and told him, quote, "Segregation is not humiliating. It's a benefit. And your manner offends me."

Oh! Excuse me. The loving tenderness of Woodrow Wilson, SOB.

Remember, historians love this guy. They praise him — eighth best president of the country. Why? A guy who thought segregation wasn't humiliating.

You see, they hadn't been segregating here in America for decades. Trotter was frustrated. He said, "The statement that segregation was intended to prevent racial friction is not supported by the facts. For 50 years, Negro and white employees have worked together in the government departments in Washington," end quote.

You know how that was reported? In the beloved New York Times — do I have a copy of it? Put the copy up. Love this:

"President Resents Negro's Criticism." Oh!

There is a quote that Trotter gave to President Wilson, "Two years ago, you were regarded as a second Abraham Lincoln. Now, we colored leaders who supported Wilson are denounced in the colored churches as traitors to our race."

Oh, wait a minute! Josiah, social justice. Now, the newspaper, this guy, race traitor. Hmm. So, now, we have government and religion.

The president didn't budge. He stood by his policy — policy of segregation. Remember, we are taught about the racist Republicans. Wilson was a Democrat and an early 20th century progressive. Read up on this guy if you want to see the future.

Then we move in to FDR. FDR — he continued the discrimination and segregation when he — when he authorized during World War II, a policy that we got from this guy, internment camps. Was for the Germans — he expanded it. It was for the Japanese, and the Germans, and the Italians.

Over 100,000 Japanese-Americans alone were forced into camps called war relocation camps. It sounds pleasant. Can we go?

There were separate camps for German-American citizens to relocate.

OK. So, we got that. Oh, and here's science.

You have Margaret Sanger. Science lauded by the left for her family planning. Evil! Read her words. Evil!

She was an open proponent of eugenics, who wrote something to a congressman called in 1932, "a plan for peace," in which she proposed keeping the doors of immigration closed to all of those who would be detrimental to the stamina of the race, such as the feeble-minded idiots, morons, insane, criminal and others.

She advocated abortions to stop from creating socially undesirable people. Oh! Who were they?

You see how the forces are beginning to move? The government, segregating. Commerce, segregating. Science, breed, the perfect race.

The beginning of the 20th century, you had religion preaching social justice and the social gospel. It's trouble. It's trouble. You have all of these things colluding now.

So, now, what happens? Well, you need an event. Remember what I told you yesterday — you had an event, you had a religious movement, people starting to come back because of Wedgwood China, 1740. 1740 and Wedgwood China. George Whitefield comes back and he says, whoa, America, you're starting to worship the golden calf. You got to get back on the right track.

So, it was that — and eventually led to this. You know what this is?
Wonder if anybody even here on the floor knows what this is. Do you know what this is?

Good for you, Erin. How did you know? Did you ask earlier?

Tea — this is what they threw into the Boston Harbor. This is tea.
This is what it looked like.

Catalyst. The Tea Party was not the catalyst. It was the awakening from Whitefield. Whitefield and Wedgwood China. Tea.

So there always has to be something that starts it. What is the catalyst this time? It's not tea, it's not Wedgwood China. What is the catalyst this time?

I don't know. But I'm going to throw out an idea that maybe it was an opera singer. Her name was Marian Anderson. She may have provided that moment.

In 1939, the Daughters of the American Revolution, of which Eleanor Roosevelt was a member of, would not allow Anderson, African-American, to sing to an integrated audience in Constitution Hall.

Now, ironically, the wife of the president who would later round people up based on the way they looked and put them in to internment camps, his wife, Eleanor Roosevelt, who I'm not a real big fan of, she got this one right. She got it. She wrote this letter. This is Eleanor Roosevelt letter of resignation from the DAR.

She said in it, quote, "You had an opportunity to lead in an enlightened way. It seems to me that your organization has failed."

Was this a movement that started it all? Well, let me show you an image here in a minute about a concert. It didn't happen at the DAR.
Marian Anderson, they arranged a concert for her on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. There she is.

Do you recognize the scene? This is 1939. Concert was performed on Easter Sunday.

The massive crowd that was there. Look at that. This was the largest crowd that had ever been there before. Look at that.

During her amazing rendition of "My Country, 'Tis of Thee," she actually changed the words. I want you to listen to the very end of the way she is singing this song:


MARIAN ANDERSON, SINGER (singing): Our fathers' God to thee, author of liberty, of thee we sing.


BECK: Of thee we sing. "We." This is the beginning of people coming together.

That's when you know commerce, religion, government and science — that's when they know they are in trouble. When people come together and say, there is a problem here.

Now, I don't know if anybody agrees with me. I don't know if anybody realized it at the time. But I believe that may have been the beginning of the end of the nightmare of segregation, the whites-only water fountains and everything else.

What's ironic is, it wouldn't be realized until 1964, which we're going to get into a little bit later on the program. But it was two years before that — two years before that, in 1962, that someone stood exactly in the same place she stood. Martin Luther King.

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