New York Deportation Case Shifts Focus to Obama's New Policy

An Ecuadorian woman facing deportation won a legal victory Sunday under guidelines from  President Obama's administration that give immigrants some leeway.

But Sara Martínez, a 47-year-old domestic worker, won the battle only after three requests to ICE officials, the help of congresswoman, an immigration coalition and a pro bono attorney.

The end result for Martínez means she can stay, along with her 6-year-old daughter, who was born in the United States. Martínez was in tears as she told reporters that she's been living in fear since she was taken off a bus near Buffalo and arrested last year.

Her daughter, then 5, "was watching, terrified and crying," said Martínez, adding that the child lost weight and is still in therapy from the trauma, "and she is always asking me if the police are going to take me far away from her."

Martínez came to the United States in 2005, legally on a six-month visa. She then overstayed because she says the father of her child was here.

The case was taken up by U.S. Rep. Nydia Velázquez, D-N.Y., and the nonprofit New York Immigration Coalition as part of a nationwide effort to clear deportation lists of immigrants who don't present a public safety risk.

Under Obama's new policy, Martinez's case falls as one of the 7.5 percent of deportation cases under a massive review of the backlogged U.S. system aimed at refocusing deportations on criminal cases under Obama's new policy. Immigration and Customs Enforcement has offered to temporarily suspend the deportation cases of roughly 16,500 people as part of a review of the immigration system pushed by President Barack Obama's administration which promised to review roughly 300,000 deportation cases.

On Monday, the New York offices of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency will partially close through May 18 so officials can speed up the processing of a backlog of more than 16,000 deportation cases pending nationwide.

The closure is part of a pilot program that started in Baltimore and Denver last year.

Immigration courts in Detroit, New Orleans, Orlando, Fla., and Seattle will suspend all cases involving immigrants who are not in detention from April 23 to May 4.

The San Francisco offices will partially close from June 4 to 15.

Jackie Esposito, the coalition's director of immigration advocacy, said thousands of law-abiding immigrants who deserve a reprieve are simply not getting one unless officials are pressured.

Last week, ICE announced that they had screened almost 220,000 cases at Obama's request. The agency is looking to close cases using so-called prosecutorial discretion, which means offering leniency to undocumented immigrants based on a variety of factors including whether they arrived as children, served in the military, have relatives who are citizens or are college students.

About 2,700 such cases have been administratively closed so far — about 200 of those in New York City, according to a Syracuse University analysis.

Martínez's case was resolved only after three requests to ICE officials in Buffalo and with the help of Velázquez, the immigration coalition and a pro bono attorney.

Meanwhile, Martínez's mother died in Ecuador some months ago, and she couldn't leave the U.S. to attend the funeral because she feared not being let back in the country.

She still can't leave because her case is in legal limbo until federal immigration reform laws are passed and she can apply to become a legal resident.

At least for now, she can't be deported from her home in Brooklyn's Sunset Park neighborhood.

"My daughter is my hero, my inspiration," Martínez said. "I'm doing all of this because of her."

Based on reporting by the Associated Press.

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