In the crucial bellwether state of Ohio, the Democratic governor has created a heavily partisan committee that may be able to tip the scales in favor of Democrats in the upcoming 2010 census.
What makes this situation particularly worrisome is that the man tapped to run the committee is current state Treasurer Kevin Boyce, who has an alarming history of playing fast and loose in situations requiring ethical behavior -- from giving large donors lucrative state contracts to burning through taxpayer money for self-promotion. And that’s after just one year in office!

Given that Ohio is a classic swing state, the political implications in an evenly divided nation could be huge. If census counts are over-inflated in strongly Democratic areas, then a rigged census could result in Ohio losing one fewer Congressional seat (and electoral college vote) as well as tipping as many as three or four other swing seats from Republican to Democratic by using the doctored census figures to boost the power of gerrymandering.

Of course, if the Obama administration is strictly non-partisan and actively fights off any attempts by state and local Democratic officials to over-count the number of residents in traditionally Democratic strongholds, then there is no risk of funny business.

But with so much on the line and the expected presence of a number of cutthroat Obama advisers, that’s a big “if.”

In order to ensure that all Americans are counted in the 2010 census, every state was encouraged to form a “complete count committee.” The idea is simple enough, with a stated goal of maximizing the response rate for census forms, which would minimize the need for home visits by census workers and, theoretically, achieve a more accurate count.

So far, so good.

Census forms, however, operate largely on the honor system. Whatever number of residents a head of household writes down, in other words, becomes the number entered into the massive census database. Absurd numbers would likely raise red flags for follow-ups, but what happens if even, say, 10% of homes in a particular neighborhood tell the government that the household has one or two residents above the actual figure?

Despite assurances from U.S. Census Bureau spokesman Michael Cook that there are “checks and balances” in place to prevent any potential fraud, none of those measures was detailed or explained, per bureau policies. With only undefined safeguards, the integrity of the system itself is crucial for a national headcount that can be trusted.

That’s why Ohio is so troubling.

Ohio’s Complete Count Committee which Cook, the Census bureau spokesperson, described as a “full partner” is headed by the Democratic state treasurer, Kevin Boyce. He’s the person I mentioned earlier who has a disturbing history of ethical lapses.

Here’s a brief highlight reel of Boyce's first year in office:

• At the very least, Boyce created the appearance—and possibly committed the act—of selling a lucrative state contract in return for campaign contributions. One week after he awarded Key Bank a six-figure contract to process the state’s payroll checks, the firm’s officials hosted a $500-per-person fundraiser for Boyce.

• According to the left-of-center Dayton Daily News, Boyce has hired a group of young, questionably qualified staffers, who all share one main résumé point -- they seem to have a powerful Democratic connection. Among them is the 24-year-old son of two key advisers to Ohio Gov. Ted Strickland and the 22-year-old daughter of the former mayor of Toledo (who just happens to have also been Boyce’s boss years ago), and the sister of Cincinnati’s former mayor.

• Then there’s this additional gem in the same Dayton Daily News story: “As Ohio’s budget swells with red ink, state Treasurer Kevin Boyce spent $32,469 in taxpayer money on promotional items such as water bottles, grocery bags and pencils and plans to buy another $47,457 in swag plastered with his name.”

Yes, dear readers, this is the man spearheading the state of Ohio’s “full partnership” with the U.S. Census Bureau. Boyce’s committee is also, in the words of Census Bureau spokesman Cook, “encouraged to come up with creative approaches to increasing response rates.”

But “creativity” is the last thing we should want from someone with Boyce’s shady track record.

The potential for mischief is certainly greater than zero—especially with so much on the line. Hundreds of millions of dollars are at stake, and the deliberate skewing of Congressional redistricting could even tip control of the U.S. House if the two parties are nearly tied in the other 49 states. Now that’s called incentive.

As for opportunity, Boyce’s committee will be given thousands of blank census forms to place at unmanned booths in “high-traffic” locations across the state. These “Be Counted Sites” will allow any passerby to grab a form, fill it out, and send it in.

From the handling of the forms by the committee to the completion of them by ordinary Ohioans, it’s all on the honor system. Of course, as Census Bureau spokeswoman Lisa Cochran wrote in an e-mail, “Be Counted Forms will be checked against mail-in questionnaires to ensure that they are not duplicates of forms already received, and that they belong to verifiable addresses.”

That said, there’s little the Census can do for verification if someone claims to have been transient or homeless, or if a household resident count is slightly inflated.

As “full partners” in the 2010 census, Boyce and his cronies presumably would have the knowledge of how best to game the system—and his previous lapses in judgment show that he probably won’t allow ethics to stand in his way.

Joel Mowbray is a syndicated columnist and regular contributor to the Fox Forum.