JOHANNESBURG – South Africa's city of Cape Town is urging residents to severely restrict water use because of the area's worst drought in more than a century.
The city, a major international tourist destination, said it is experiencing the impact of climate change and predicts little rain in the next three weeks. It wants daily water usage to be reduced to 100 liters (26 gallons) per person and recommends taking two-minute showers and flushing the toilet only when necessary.
Cape Town residents are starting to boil water with sediment from dam reservoirs with low water levels, said Justin Friedman, founder of For Love of Water , a non-profit group that promotes conservation.
Some people are worried that the city might turn off the taps at some point, he said Tuesday.
The city of nearly 4 million people is in its low tourist season. Officials hope eventual rains will improve the situation before the high season toward the end of the year.
So far, there has been no drop in the number of visitors to Cape Town, said Enver Duminy, CEO of Cape Town Tourism. There could be a "moderate short-term impact" on visitors if facilities such as swimming pools close, but the city will do all it can to maintain its status as a "world-class destination," Duminy said.
The drought-stricken Western Cape province, which includes Cape Town, was declared a disaster zone on Monday by Premier Helen Zille. The designation gives more power to the province to direct resources to the water crisis.
The levels of dam reservoirs that supply Cape Town are at 20.7 percent, down by 0.7 percent from a week ago, the city said. It noted that the last 10 percent of a dam's reservoir is mostly unusable because of mud, weeds and debris. Municipal repair crews are also struggling to attend to hundreds of leaks and faults that cause water loss.
As reservoir levels drop, the city said in a statement , authorities will "start to implement a lifeline supply which entails reducing the water pressure to a very low level across the metro."
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