Indonesia pledges to curb emissions growth ahead of Paris UN climate pact in December

Indonesia, the world's fourth largest country, has pledged to strengthen the protection of its forests and boost the production of renewable energy in its target for a global climate pact.

In a U.N. submission Thursday, Indonesia pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 29 percent by 2030, relative to a business-as-usual scenario without climate action. It pledged to raise that target to 41 percent with international support, including access to finance and clean technology.

The reductions would be achieved in part through improved conservation of forests. Much of Indonesia's emissions comes from peat and forest fires as land is cleared for farming, corporate development or oil palm plantations.

The government said Indonesia also plans to boost the share of renewable energy to at least 23 percent by 2025.