MEXICO CITY – A leftist candidate claiming fraud robbed him of the presidency led hundreds of thousands of marchers through Mexico's capital Sunday to demand a vote-by-vote recount in the tight election apparently won by his conservative opponent.
As a precaution, the Roman Catholic Church canceled Mass at the city's downtown cathedral as supporters of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador began to overwhelm the central plaza to the sound of firecrackers and bands.
But Lopez Obrador supporters such as Xochitl Luna compared it to the fraud-stained 1988 election lost by leftist candidate Cuauhtemoc Cardenas and said they were ready for a long struggle.
"We could be here six more years," said the 43-year-old unemployed secretary, referring to the presidential term.
"In 1988 we were ready to take up sticks and stones," she said. "Today we are prepared to fight with ideas."
Marchers carried banners that proclaimed "No To Fraud!" and adopted a modified slogan from the Spanish civil war to adorn pictures of Calderon with a slash through them: "It won't happen."
Fox ended the Institutional Revolutionary Party's 71 year stranglehold on the presidency in the 2000 election. Mexico's constitution limits presidents to one six-year term and he leaves office Dec. 1.
Top Lopez Obrador adviser Ricardo Monreal said the July 2 election means that Mexico's fledging democracy is already faltering.
"If another abuse, another (electoral) theft is confirmed," he said, "Mexico will never have clean elections again."
Lopez Obrador's Democratic Revolution Party has issued an 836-page appeal to the federal electoral court to overturn the official count, alleging illicit government and corporate help for Calderon, ballot stuffing and other irregularities. The former Mexico City mayor says he will stop the protests only if there is a ballot-by-ballot recount.
National Action has also filed its own challenges, seeking to stretch Calderon's tiny vote advantage.
Some of Lopez Obrador's devoted followers have lit votive candles outside his campaign headquarters.
"He is the most marvelous man in the world," said Eugenia Leal, a 70-year-old retired school teacher who collects a pension thanks to a city program instituted by Lopez Obrador. "I'm willing to follow him from here to the death, or wherever he orders."
The marchers have promised to remain peaceful, but Lopez Obrador adviser Manuel Camacho the country might be ungovernable if the Federal Electoral Tribunal — which has until August 31 to review appeals — doesn't order a total recount.
Calderon has said he believes is no legal basis for a complete recount, and has called on Lopez Obrador to respect official vote tallies.
The dispute threatens to further divide Mexico along geographic and class lines. Lopez Obrador won in the mainly poor southern states, while Calderon swept most of the more-affluent north and northwest.
Lopez Obrador may never recognize Calderon as a legitimate president, setting up six years of sparring and protests that could threaten Mexico's political and economic stability.
The stock market and currency have swung widely in recent weeks as investors weigh the outcome of the dispute.
Calderon is building a transition team and planning a nationwide victory tour, even though his victory isn't official until the elections court issues a final decree by Sept. 6.