Neighbors complained for weeks that the dog — named Socks — appeared to be starving inside a gated area on Artest's $1.85 million estate in rural Loomis, according to a county report.
On Jan. 30, animal services officers visited Artest's home and issued a "pre-seizure" notice, warning him that the female Great Dane would be taken into custody if the animal care didn't improve.
Placer County animal services officers returned to Artest's home Monday and removed Socks.
Artest has 10 days to request a hearing, county spokeswoman Anita Yoder said.
Artest's publicist, Heidi Buech, declined to comment when reached by The Associated Press on Wednesday.
The episode has so upset neighbors in Artest's gated community that the homeowners' association plans to vote next week on guidelines that would require members to properly care for their animals.
Artest signed with the Kings last January for $7.15 million this season and $7.8 million in 2007-08, with an $8.45 million player option for 2008-09.