The 18cm high aluminum alloy cylinder - called a moon surface micro-ecological circle - contains silkworm eggs and seeds for potatoes and cress.
Chinese scientists now hope both plants will root and sprout in the container, producing the first flower ever grown on the space rock.
They hope to see the results towards the end of a 100-day experimental period, according to the country's space agency.
Last night, they announced their first breakthrough publishing a picture of cotton seed, bought up on Chang’e 4 actually growing.
China Daily tweeted: "The latest test photo shows a cotton seed brought to the moon by China's Chang'e 4 probe has sprouted."
MOTHS TO HATCH IN SPACE
Meanwhile, the silkworm eggs will also hopefully hatch into moths, reports the SCMP.
However, cultivating the crops won’t be easy as temperatures on the moon’s surface can soar to 100 degrees Celsius (202 degrees Fahrenheit) in the day and drop to minus 100 degrees at night.
Professor Xie Gengxin, the Chinese scientist in charge of the lunar plant experiment, said if successful, the project would signal that China was catching up in space exploration.
Earlier today China has released incredible footage of its historic touchdown on the icy far side of the moon.
Video taken from the Chang’e-4 probe shows its view as it hovered over Earth's rocky neighbor before quickly dropping toward its surface.
It carefully adjusts its descent to avoid ditches and dents as it plummets into the moon's asteroid-battered Von Kármán Crater, which Chang’e-4 landed in on January 2.
Scientists think the 115-mile wide crater holds moonrocks with unusual chemistry that could help us learn more about the natural satellite's violent past.
This story originally appeared in The Sun.