Another round of extreme heat will build across parts of the Middle East and northeastern Africa early this week. A hot and dry wind will accompany the heat causing areas of blowing and and dust as well. This comes about a week after the region saw a previous round of dangerously hot conditions.
The heat will be caused by a ridge of high pressure building across the region in advance of a trough of low pressure that is deepening across Europe.
High temperatures will build through the first half of the week across Egypt, reaching a peak on Wednesday with highs climbing into the middle 40s C (110s F). In Cairo the high on Wednesday is expected to reach 43 C (110 F). This would be the hottest temperature in nearly a year. The last time the city recorded a temperatures that hot was on June 4th of last year. The average high temperatures for the date is 33 C (92 F).
Not only will residents have to contend with the dangerous heat, a southwesterly wind of 30-45 kph (20-30 mph) will create areas of blowing sand and dust across northern Egypt on Wednesday. Isolated wind gusts to 65 kph (40 mph) can be expected. Visibility could be reduced to 0.15 km (0.25 mi) at times leading to dangerous travel conditions.
As this heat builds to the north and east through the week, much of Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Israel will warm as the dry, hot and dusty Egyptian air moves into the region. Temperatures in this region will peak in the 38-41 C (100-105 F) degree range.
Even areas along the Mediterranean Sea coast will become very hot. These areas typically see an afternoon sea-breeze that keeps temperatures slightly cooler as compared to areas inland. Tel Aviv is one such city and is expected to have a high of 40 C (104 F) on Wednesday and 38 C (100 F) on Thursday.
Much like northern Egypt on Wednesday, inland desert areas of Syria and Jordan will have to contend with reduced visibility from blowing sand and dust. Even coastal areas will have dust in the air creating hazy sunshine.
Through the end of the week as the ridge of high pressure is replaced by the trough of low pressure currently bringing drenching showers and thunderstorms to parts of Europe, temperatures will gradually lower back to near normal.
Residents that must go outdoors during these hot days are encouraged to drink plenty of water and limit activity. If possible, complete any outdoor tasks during the morning of late in the evening.