Paul Manafort, President Donald Trump’s former campaign chairman, has pleaded not guilty to a variety of charges brought by Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s team.
Manafort has been the subject of a long-running investigation over his dealings in Ukraine several years ago – for which he didn’t file as a foreign agent until June 2017. But Mueller has incorporated that investigation into his own probe of Russian meddling in the 2016 election and possible collusion with Trump associates.
In May, a federal judge accused Mueller's team of wanting to take down Trump and lying during the investigation.
Read on for a look at Manafort's work with the Trump campaign and how he is connected to the Russia investigation.
What kind of foreign work did Manafort do?
A GOP operative who worked for former Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush, Manafort reportedly began his work in Republican politics in the 1970s.
Eventually, Manafort was hired by former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych, a controversial pro-Russia politician who was ousted from power twice. After Yanukovych was elected president in 2010, Manafort reportedly stayed on as an adviser and worked on other projects in Eastern Europe, including the Party of Regions political party.
Manafort also worked for Russian billionaire Oleg Deripaska. In 2005, Manafort allegedly came up with a plan to influence U.S. politics, business dealings and the media in order to “greatly benefit the Putin government,” according to The Associated Press.
Deripaska is a close ally of Russian President Vladimir Putin, and signed a $10 million annual contract with Manafort in 2006; they maintained a business relationship until at least 2009.
Financial records obtained by The New York Times indicated that Manafort was in debt to pro-Russian interests by up to $17 million prior to joining Trump’s campaign.
He also took more than a dozen trips to Moscow and frequently talked to Putin allies over a period of about 10 years, McClatchy reported. He traveled to Kiev at least 19 times in 20 months after the February 2014 removal of Ukraine’s pro-Russia leader.
How was Manafort involved with Trump's campaign?
Manafort joined Trump's presidential campaign in March 2016 to help wrangle delegates ahead of the Republican National Convention in Ohio, something he'd done for former President Gerald Ford.
Just two months later, Manafort became Trump's campaign chairman.
Manafort’s resignation from the campaign was announced on August 19, 2016, after The Times reported that he'd received $12.7 million in undisclosed cash payments from Yanukovych’s pro-Russian party between 2007 and 2012.
Manafort and Donald Trump Jr., the president's eldest son, met with Russian lawyer Natalia Veselnitskaya in June 2016. She reportedly was said to have damaging information on Trump’s campaign rival, Hillary Clinton, which was "part of Russia and its government’s support for Mr. Trump."
What has Manafort been charged with?
Along with his former business associate Rick Gates, Manafort was initially indicted in October 2017 on multiple counts that included: conspiracy against the U.S., conspiracy to launder money, false statements and failure to file reports of foreign bank and financial accounts.
Nearly four months later, in February, the pair was hit with additional tax evasion and bank fraud charges.These charges involved much of the same conduct Manafort and Gates were initially accused of, but the amount of money Manafort said to have laundered through offshore accounts increased to $30 million.
In June 2018, Mueller's team brought additional charges of obstruction of justice against Manafort and Konstantin Kilimnik, an associate.
The charges against Manafort and Gates don’t relate to allegations of misconduct during Trump’s campaign.
Mueller also accused Manafort of secretly paying former European politicians to lobby on behalf of Ukraine.
Manafort has maintained his innocence despite all of the charges brought before him.
At a May hearing, where Manafort's team sought to dismiss an 18-count indictment against him, a federal judge accused Mueller's team of targeting Manafort to get information to take down Trump. He questioned Mueller's team about where they got the authority to indict Manafort on the alleged crimes that date back as far as 2005.
"You don't really care about Mr. Manafort,” U.S. District Judge T.S. Ellis III told Mueller’s team. “You really care about what information Mr. Manafort can give you to lead you to Mr. Trump and an impeachment, or whatever."
Ellis previously suggested Manafort could spend the rest of his life in prison.
What has the White House said?
Manafort’s alleged actions took place before he joined the Trump campaign, the president said on social media.
White House press secretary Sarah Sanders also downplayed Manafort’s involvement with the campaign in a press briefing.
Fox News' Samuel Chamberlain, Jennifer Earl, Jake Gibson, Zoe Szathmary and The Associated Press contributed to this report.