By Talia Kaplan
Published November 26, 2019
Thousands of Palestinian protesters took part in a "day of rage" across the West Bank on Tuesday, with some groups clashing with Israeli forces to protest U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s announcement last week that the U.S. government will ease its stance on Israeli settlements.
Schools, universities and government offices were closed and rallies were being held in other West Bank cities as well.
Last week’s announcement that the U.S. no longer believes Israeli settlements violate international law was the latest move by the Trump administration to bolster Israel’s position and undermine Palestinian claims regarding land sought for a future state.
Pompeo essentially rejected a 1978 State Department legal opinion holding that civilian settlements in the occupied territories are “inconsistent with international law.” He also said the White House was reversing an Obama administration directive that allowed the U.N. Security Council to pass a resolution declaring the settlements a “flagrant violation” of international law.
Trump already broke with his predecessors by deciding earlier to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, moving the U.S. Embassy to that city and closing the Palestinian diplomatic office in Washington.
"The biased American policy toward Israel, and the American support of the Israeli settlements and the Israeli occupation, leaves us with only one option: To go back to resistance," Mahmoud Aloul, an official with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah movement, told the crowd in Ramallah on Tuesday.
Demonstrators held signs that said, "Trump to impeachment, (Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin) Netanyahu to jail, the occupation will go and we will remain on our land."
Netanyahu was formally charged last week in a series of corruption cases.
Dozens of protesters threw stones on Tuesday at Israeli forces stationed at checkpoints near Ramallah, Bethlehem and Hebron. Israeli forces retaliated with tear gas.
There were no immediate reports of injuries.
Israeli leaders welcomed the U.S. decision to ease its stance on Israeli settlements, including Netanyahu who called it “historic.”
The Palestinians and most of the international community have said the settlements are illegal and undermine hopes for a two-state solution by gobbling up land sought by the Palestinians.
Israel has said the fate of the settlements should be determined in negotiations.
Israel captured the West Bank and east Jerusalem in the 1967 Mideast war and quickly began settling the newly conquered territory. About 700,000 Israelis currently live in the two areas.
Tuesday’s protests came just hours after the death of Palestinian prisoner Sami Abu Diak, 35, following a battle with cancer. Organizers had said the demonstrations -- which were planned before his death -- would also call for Abu Diak’s release from Israeli custody to allow him to die at his family's side. Israeli officials reportedly denied the request.
In a statement, Israel's prisons service said he was serving three life sentences for voluntary manslaughter and kidnapping, among other charges.
Abu Diak was allegedly involved in the killing of three Palestinians accused of collaborating with Israeli security forces and was arrested in the early 2000s, during the second Palestinian intifada, or uprising.
Previous deaths of terminally ill Palestinian prisoners have set off protests and accusations of medical negligence on the part of Israeli authorities.
Also, on Tuesday, the Israeli military said two rockets were fired from the Gaza Strip at southern Israel, adding that one was intercepted by an Iron Dome missile battery.
There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack, the second in one week, which rattled the shaky cease-fire brokered earlier this month that ended two straight days of fighting with Palestinian militants.
The Israel Defense Forces also reported a rocket attack on Monday, tweeting, “Nine days of calm between Israel and Gaza were just broken when a projectile was fired from #Gaza at #Israel. Thankfully, it landed in an open area.”
There were no immediate reports of damage or injuries.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.