Today is Monday, March 14, the 73rd day of 2011. There are 292 days left in the year.
1) On March 14, 1794: Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized the cotton industry.
According to the Foods and Nutrition Encyclopedia and Wikipedia, the earliest cultivation of cotton occurred in Mexico, some 8,000 years ago. The indigenous species was Gossypium hirsutum, which is today the most widely planted species of cotton in the world, constituting about 89.9% of production worldwide.
According to the National Cotton Council of America, the United States was third on the list of the top ten cotton producers in 2009 with 12.4 million bales followed by Brazil at number five, with 5.5 million bales.
2)1844: Carlos Antonio López sworn in as first constitutional president of Paraguay.
3) 1879: The birth of Albert Einstein, Nobel Prize in physics 1922.