CRIME

Q&A: What to know as Oregon ranching standoff trial begins

  • FILE - This Jan. 27, 2016, photo provided by the Multnomah County Sheriff's Office shows Ammon Bundy, one of the members of an armed group that occupied central Oregon's Malheur National Wildlife Refuge as part of a dispute over public lands. Jury selection starts Wednesday, Sept. 7, 2016, in the trial of Ammon Bundy, Ryan Bundy and six others involved in the armed takeover. The protesters seized the refuge Jan. 2 and didn't relinquish control until 41 days later. (Multnomah County Sheriff via AP, File)

    FILE - This Jan. 27, 2016, photo provided by the Multnomah County Sheriff's Office shows Ammon Bundy, one of the members of an armed group that occupied central Oregon's Malheur National Wildlife Refuge as part of a dispute over public lands. Jury selection starts Wednesday, Sept. 7, 2016, in the trial of Ammon Bundy, Ryan Bundy and six others involved in the armed takeover. The protesters seized the refuge Jan. 2 and didn't relinquish control until 41 days later. (Multnomah County Sheriff via AP, File)  (The Associated Press)

  • FILE - This Jan. 27, 2016, file photo provided by the Multnomah County Sheriff's Office, shows Ryan Bundy, who is one of eight defendants charged with conspiring to impede federal employees at central Oregon's Malheur National Wildlife Refuge. Jury selection starts Wednesday, Sept. 7, 2016, in the trial of Ryan Bundy, Ammon Bundy and six others involved in the armed takeover. The protesters seized the refuge Jan. 2 and didn't relinquish control until 41 days later. (Multnomah County Sheriff via AP, file)

    FILE - This Jan. 27, 2016, file photo provided by the Multnomah County Sheriff's Office, shows Ryan Bundy, who is one of eight defendants charged with conspiring to impede federal employees at central Oregon's Malheur National Wildlife Refuge. Jury selection starts Wednesday, Sept. 7, 2016, in the trial of Ryan Bundy, Ammon Bundy and six others involved in the armed takeover. The protesters seized the refuge Jan. 2 and didn't relinquish control until 41 days later. (Multnomah County Sheriff via AP, file)  (The Associated Press)

Trial is gearing up this week for armed ranchers who took over a national bird sanctuary in rural Oregon to oppose federal management of public lands.

Jury selection starts Wednesday in the case against Ammon Bundy, Ryan Bundy and six others who helped seize Malheur National Wildlife Refuge on Jan. 2. They're charged with conspiring to prevent federal employees from doing their jobs. Several others were indicted, and many have pleaded guilty.

Most key figures were arrested during a Jan. 26 traffic stop that ended with police fatally shooting Robert "LaVoy" Finicum, an occupation spokesman. Others left after Finicum's death, but four holdouts extended the standoff to 41 days.

The defendants claim they used their First Amendment rights to engage in a peaceful protest and that those with guns were exercising their Second Amendment rights.