COLUMBUS, Ohio – The state can try again to put to death a condemned killer whose 2009 execution was called off after two hours during which he cried in pain while receiving 18 needle sticks, the Ohio Supreme Court said Wednesday.
The court's 4-3 ruling rejected arguments that giving the state prisons agency a second chance to execute Romell Broom would amount to cruel and unusual punishment and double jeopardy.
Prosecutors had argued double jeopardy doesn't apply because lethal drugs never entered Broom's veins while executioners unsuccessfully tried to hook up an IV. They also said a previously unsuccessful execution attempt doesn't affect the constitutionality of his death sentence.
Broom's attorneys called the ruling disappointing and said they were exploring "additional legal remedies." Ohioans to Stop Executions, the state's largest anti-death penalty group, called on Gov. John Kasich to commute Broom's sentence to life without parole.
With a federal appeal of the ruling likely, a second execution is years away. In addition, Ohio already has more than two dozen death row inmates with firm execution dates but no lethal drugs to use on them.
Broom was sentenced to die for raping and killing 14-year-old Tryna Middleton after abducting her in Cleveland in 1984 as she walked home from a football game with two friends.
Justice Judith Ann Lanzinger sided with the state in the case, saying the execution never began because the drugs weren't administered.
"Because Broom's life was never at risk since the drugs were not introduced, and because the state is committed to carrying out executions in a constitutional manner, we do not believe that it would shock the public's conscience to allow the state to carry out Broom's execution," Lanzinger wrote.
The majority opinion said it was unclear why Broom's veins couldn't be accessed, a fact that brings the rejection of his appeal into question, Justice Judi French wrote in a dissent.
"If the state cannot explain why the Broom execution went wrong, then the state cannot guarantee that the outcome will be different next time," French said.
His 2009 execution was stopped by then-Gov. Ted Strickland after an execution team tried for two hours to find a suitable vein. Broom has said he was stuck with needles at least 18 times, with pain so intense he cried and screamed.
An hour into the execution, the Department of Rehabilitation and Correction recruited a part-time prison doctor with no experience or training with executions to try — again, unsuccessfully — to find a vein.
Broom, 59, has been back on death row since. No new execution date has been set.
Broom's appeals in federal court were on hold while the state court heard the constitutional arguments.
Broom was told of the decision and is in good spirits, said defense attorneys Timothy Sweeney and Adele Shank.
The state's top public defender said it's long been understood that the government gets one attempt at an execution.
"Whether you believe it's the hand of God or just basic government failure, as happened in this case, they don't get to do this again," said Tim Young, head of the Ohio Public Defender's Office.
The 18 times Broom was stuck with needles as he lay strapped to a gurney demonstrate the execution had begun, said Kevin Werner, executive director of Ohioans to Stop Executions. The governor's office wasn't yet aware of the group's petition or request for mercy, said spokesman Joe Andrews.
Requiring Broom to endure another execution attempt would double up his punishment by forcing him to relive the pain he's already been through, Shank and Sweeney argued last year.
During a June hearing, Chief Justice Maureen O'Connor asked Shank about a prison official's testimony that Broom may have caused the problems with his veins by ingesting an entire box of antihistamines the day before to dehydrate himself. Shank, in seeking to rebut the state's argument about purposeful hydration, said she saw Broom drinking coffee the day of the execution. Chris Schroeder, an assistant Cuyahoga County prosecutor, said the antihistamines allegation was not part of the state's argument.
In 1947, Louisiana electrocuted 18-year-old Willie Francis by electric chair a year after an improperly prepared electric chair failed to work. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 to allow the second execution to proceed, rejecting double jeopardy arguments.