India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi has long been known for his hard-line stance on Pakistan. It was a major part of the campaign that swept him to power.

But even with his own officials saying a recent attack on an Indian military base was launched by Pakistan-based militants, Modi is relying more on diplomacy than saber-rattling.

In large part, this is because Modi and Indian forces are far too occupied trying to defuse the massive and relentless anti-India protests that have swept its portion of Kashmir, triggered by the killing of a young rebel leader more than two months ago. The unrest has led to a clampdown by security forces that often left the Kashmir Valley under curfew, with schools, universities and businesses shut through the summer tourist season.