Russia has responded tit-for-tat to the U.S. sanctions against five Russians, barring entry to the same number of former U.S. officials.

The United States announced Monday that another five Russians were targeted with sanctions for human rights violations under a 2012 U.S. law named for Russian whistle-blower Sergei Magnitsky. There are now 39 people subject to the sanctions, which include travel bans and the freezing of assets in U.S. jurisdictions.

Russia's Foreign Ministry on Tuesday denounced Washington's move as a "hypocritical" action further damaging U.S.-Russia ties. It published a list of five former U.S. officials barred from entering Russia, including former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales.

Magnitsky was arrested on tax-evasion charges and died in a Moscow prison in 2009 after accusing Russian officials of stealing $230 million in tax rebates.