China's rubber-stamp national legislature has approved the country's first anti-terrorism law, amid concerns that its requirements that tech companies share information with the government could hurt business interests and further infringe upon human rights.

The National People's Congress said its standing committee adopted the law Sunday with a unanimous vote. The law goes into effect Jan. 1

Washington has expressed concerns about the law's likely impact on tech businesses and freedom of speech.

Chinese senior officials say the obligations required of telecommunications and Internet companies are necessary because terrorists are increasingly turning to cyberspace. They say China has balanced the needs to fight terrorism and to protect business interests and public rights.