GLOBAL ECONOMY

Brazil's economy shrank more than expected in 3rd quarter as downturn deepens

In this photo taken with a slow shutter speed, people walk through a shopping district in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 1, 2015. Latin America's largest economy has shrunk even more than expected, increasing fears about the well-being of a nation hammered by falling commodity prices and a massive corruption scandal. (AP Photo/Andre Penner)

In this photo taken with a slow shutter speed, people walk through a shopping district in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 1, 2015. Latin America's largest economy has shrunk even more than expected, increasing fears about the well-being of a nation hammered by falling commodity prices and a massive corruption scandal. (AP Photo/Andre Penner)

Latin America's largest economy has shrunk even more than expected, increasing fears about the well-being of a nation hammered by falling commodity prices and a massive corruption scandal.

Gross domestic product fell by 4.5 percent in the third quarter compared with the same time frame last year, the country's statistics bureau reported on Tuesday.

The cumulative drop of 3.2 percent for the year so far is the worst since 1996, according to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics.

"The result is that Brazil's economy has now contracted for three straight quarters and is more than 5 percent smaller than it was at the start of 2014," said Neil Sharing, an economist at Capital Economics, a London-based firm. "There is a reasonable case to be made that Brazil is now enduring its worst recession since 1930-32."

A global plunge in commodity prices continues to hurt Brazil, with the agriculture sector generating 2.4 percent less income than in the previous three months. A corruption scandal involving politicians and the state-run oil company has ensnared the biggest names in construction in the country and therefore halted many projects. A collapse in domestic demand has also translated to a sharp slowdown in manufacturing activity.

The prospects are not encouraging. With rising inflation and unemployment, and high interest rates, consumer confidence is down. Families cut spending by 4.5 percent compared to the same quarter last year. Investment and exports also fell.

President Dilma Rousseff on Tuesday pressed leaders of the House and the Senate to push through unpopular austerity measures to bring some relief to the nation. Congress is slated to meet late Tuesday to discuss the bill.

"Statistics are saying that employers are discouraged from investing in this year of intense political turmoil and disorder in public finances," said economics columnist Beth Cataldo in the G1 news portal.

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