World

List of 178 Cuban private-sector jobs

Cubans can now seek licenses for any of the following 178 private-sector jobs, under economic reforms announced last year by President Raul Castro:

1. Musical Instrument Tuning and Repair

2. Water Delivery

3. Construction Laborer

4. Animal Rental

5. Formal Wear Rental

6. Door-to-door knife and scissors sharpener

7. Party Entertainer (clowns, magicians)

8. Mule Driver

9. Artisan (Arts and Crafts Maker)

10. Mechanical Saw Operator (as in a sawmill)

11. Babysitter/Nanny

12. Barber

13. Embroiderer/Knitter

14. Wagon or Pushcart Operator (to help move things)

15. Flower Bed Arranger

16. Carpenter

17. Wheelbarrow Operator (for construction work)

18. Locksmith

19. Furniture Repairman

20. Collector and Payer of Bills

21. Operator of Children's Fun Wagon Pulled by Pony or Goat

22. Buyer and Seller of Records (LPs, 45's, CDs)

23. Used Book Seller

24. Builder/Seller/Installer of Radio and TV Antennas

25. Craftsman/Seller/Repairman of Wicker Furniture

26. Breeder/Seller of Pets

27. Window Glass Repair

28. Animal Caretaker

29. Public Bathroom Attendant

30. Caretaker of Elderly/Handicapped

31. Public Park Caretaker

32. Leather Tanner (except cows and horses)

33. Decorator

34. Palm Tree Trimmer

35. Restaurant/Cafe Owner

36. Door-to-Door Non-Alcoholic Beverage Seller

37. Home or Street Based Seller/Preparer of Non-Alcoholic Beverages

38. Seller of Non-Alcoholic Beverages at a specified location (i.e. a coffee shop)

39. Charcoal Preparer/Seller

40. Wine Maker/Seller

41. Maker of Yokes, Harnesses and Rope for Oxen

42. Electrician

43. Automobile Electrician

44. Building Superintendent

45. Book Binding

46. Electric Motor Rewiring (wraps new wire around bobbin on burned motors)

47. Animal Trainer

48. Funeral Flower Arranger

49. Button Coverer (Wraps buttons in cloth for upholstery and cocktail dresses popular in the 50's and 60's)

50. Photographer

51. Car washer/Oil Changer

52. Bus/Train/Taxi Stop Barker (Calls out instructions to waiting passengers)

53. Engraver of Numbers

54. Blacksmith/Seller of Horseshoes and Nails

55. Buyer/Seller of Scrap Metals

56. Driving Instructor

57. Sports Trainer (except martial arts)

58. Gardener

59. Clothes Washing/Ironing

60. Woodsmen/Logger

61. Shoeshiner

62. Spark Plug Cleaner and Tester

63. Septic Tank Repairman and Cleaner

64. Manicurist

65. Make-up Artist

66. Masseuse

67. Plasterer

68. Refrigerator Mechanic

69. Typist

70. Messenger

71. Seamstress/Tailor

72. Miller

73. PA System Operator

74. Tire Repair

75. Children's Ride Operator

76. Parking Attendant Including for Cars, Bicycles and Tricycles

77. Hairdresser

78. Animal Hairdresser

79. Cleaning/Household Help

80. Car Painter

81. Furniture Painter and Varnisher

82. House Painter

83. Sign Painter

84. Fish Farmer

85. Plastic Covering Maker for IDs

86. Plumber

87. Well Digger

88. Producer/Seller of Items Used in the Home

89. Producer/Seller of Rubber Accessories (relates to pressure cooker seals and blender O-rings)

90. Producer/Seller of Clay Goods (pots and planters and cookware)

91. Producer/Seller of Bricks and Tiles

92. Producer/Seller of Religious Articles (except those deemed National Patrimony by the Ministry of Culture) and Seller of Animals for Religious Use

93. Producer/Seller of Harnesses, Blankets, and Saddles

94. Producer/Seller of Arts and Crafts

95. Shoemaker/Shoe Salesman

96. Producer/Seller of Brooms and brushes

97. Producer/Seller of Plaster Figurines

98. Grower/Seller of Ornamental Plants

99. Pinata Maker/Seller

100. Grower/Seller of Plants for Animal Feed and medicinal Purposes

101. Music/Art Instructor

102. Shorthand, Typing, and Language Instructor

103. Computer Programmer

104. Metal polisher

105. Collector/Seller of Natural Resources (i.e. someone who would sell shells at the beach)

106. Collector/Seller of Recyclable Goods

107. Watch Repair

108. Leather Repair

109. Jewelry Repair

110. Bedframe Repair

111. Automobile Battery Repair

112. Bicycle Repair

113. Costume Jewelry Repair

114. Fence and Walkway Repair

115. Stove/Range Repair

116. Mattress Repair

117. Small Household Goods Repair

118. Office Equipment Repair

119. Electronic Equipment Repair

120. Mechanical and Combustion Equipment Repair

121. Eyeglass Repair

122. Sewing Machine Repair

123. Saddle and Harness Repair

124. Umbrella and Parasol Repair

125. Disposable Lighter Repair and Refill

126. Tutor (Currently active teachers not eligible)

127. Doll and Toy Repair

128. Art Restorer

129. Night watchman or Building Doorman

130. Welder

131. Leather Craftsman

132. Upholsterer

133. Roofer

134. Bookkeeper (Currently employed accountants not eligible)

135. Textile Dyer

136. Machinist

137. Roaster (i.e. of peanuts, coffee)

138. Part-time Farm Laborer

139. Document Translator

140. Shearer (as in sheep)

141. Plow operator

142. Vegetable/Fruit Vendor (From Fixed Venues and Kiosks)

143. Shoe Repair

144. Hired hand/Employee of Another Person's Business

145. Room/Home Rental

146. Producer/Seller of Food and Beverages With Special Characteristics relating to Chinatown (in Havana)

147. Horse and Carriage Rides

148. Private Contractors

149. Habaneras (Women who pose for tourists wearing colorful dresses with flowery headdress)

150. Fortune Tellers

151. Folkloric Dancers

152. The Musical Group Los Mambises

153. Caricaturists

154. Artificial Flower Seller

155. Painters (Who sell Pictures in the Street)

156. Dandy (Man dressed in Colonial era garb)

157. Hair Braider

158. Fresh Fruit Peeler

159. Dance Duo Amor

160. Benny More Dance Team

161. Trained Dog Exhibitor

162. Los Amigos Musical Duo

163. Extras (i.e. People Paid to Pose for Pictures in Old Havana)

164. Traditonal Barber (Barbers in Old Havana, as opposed to the rest of the country)

165. Truck driver

166. Station Wagon Driver

167. Small-Truck Driver

168. Bus Driver

169. Mini-Bus Driver.

170. Taxi Driver

171. Handcar Operator

172. Jeep Driver

173. Passenger Boat Operator

174. Motorcycle Driver

175. Three-Wheeled Pedal Taxi Driver

176. Cart Operator

177. Horse-Drawn Carriage Operator

178. Pedal Taxi Driver