President Trump’s selection to replace Antonin Scalia is expected to easily win confirmation Friday and be sworn in soon after to hear the final cases of the term.
The Senate resumed debate on Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch in the morning, and voting is now underway.
The final vote comes after Republicans tore up the Senate's voting rules to allow President Donald Trump's nominee to ascend to the high court over furious Democratic objections.
Democrats denounced the GOP's use of what both sides dubbed the "nuclear option" to put Gorsuch on the court. They called it an epic power grab that would further corrode politics in Congress, the courts and the nation. Many Republicans bemoaned the rule change but blamed Democrats for pushing them to it.
Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., declared he did so to “restore norms” and get past what he called an “unprecedented” Democratic filibuster.
Republicans succeeded in making the change on a party-line vote Thursday afternoon.
This was after Democrats initially blocked Gorsuch in a filibuster earlier in the day. Four Democrats broke ranks -- Sens. Michael Bennet, D-Colo.; Heidi Heitkamp, D-N.D.; Joe Donnelly, D-Ind.; and Joe Manchin, D-W.Va. – but Republicans still fell short of the 60 votes needed to proceed, prompting McConnell to overhaul the way the Senate works.
"We will sadly point to today as a turning point in the history of the Senate and the Supreme Court," declared Democratic Minority Leader Chuck Schumer of New York.
The Senate change, affecting how many votes a nominee needs for confirmation, will apply to all future Supreme Court candidates, likely ensuring more ideological justices chosen with no need for consultation with the minority party. Trump himself predicted to reporters aboard Air Force One that "there could be as many as four" Supreme Court vacancies for him to fill during his administration.
"This is going to be a chapter, a monumental event in the history of the Senate, not for the better but for the worse," warned Sen. Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, a senior Republican.
The Associated Press contributed to this report