Furcal was a trade-deadline acquisition from the Dodgers last season and hit .255 in 50 regular season games with St. Louis, helping the Cardinals win their 11th World Series title.
"Rafael proved to be a great addition for us last season," Cardinals general manager John Mozeliak said. "His leadership and experience was very evident during the pennant race and into the postseason."
Injuries have curbed Furcal's production three of the past four seasons, though he hit .300 in 2010 and scored 92 runs in 150 games for Los Angeles the year before.
A two-time All-Star, Furcal owns a .282 career batting average with a .348 on- base percentage, 990 runs scored and 302 stolen bases over 12 seasons with the Braves, Dodgers and Cardinals.