He met with Fidel and Raul Castro, dissidents and jailed American contractor Alan Gross, but former President Jimmy Carter left Cuba Wednesday without any public indications by the Communist government that they will comply with any of several demands by the U.S. government.
Carter, the only U.S. president in or out of power to visit Cuba since Fidel Castro took power more than 50 years ago, visited the island nation once before -- in 2002.
Carter, 86, said Cuban leaders had made it clear they do not plan to release Gross.
The announcement was a disappointment to Gross's supporters after the trip had raised expectations the former American president would be allowed to bring the Maryland native home. Gross is serving a 15-year sentence after being convicted earlier this month of bringing communications equipment into Cuba illegally.
State Department officials have said privately that Cuban authorities indicated they might release Gross on humanitarian grounds following the trial. But Carter said that from the very beginning, he knew Gross would not be freed during the visit.
"The Cuban officials made it very clear to me before I left my home that the freedom of Alan Gross would not be granted."
He said he met with Gross at an undisclosed location Wednesday morning, and that the 61-year-old contractor told him he had lost 40 kilograms (88 pounds) since his arrest in December 2009.
"He still seems to be in good spirits, professing his innocence," Carter added.
Carter said Gross's lawyer plans to appeal his conviction, and if that fails, "perhaps in the future an executive order might be issued to grant him a pardon, a release, on humanitarian grounds." Gross's 26-year-old daughter and elderly mother are both suffering from cancer.
The former U.S. president said he believes Gross is "innocent of any serious crime" and did not pose "any serious threat" to the Cuban government.
Carter referred warmly to Fidel Castro when speaking about him to reporters during his visit, though the bearded leader tossed Carter a political curve ball during his presidency. In what became known as the "Mariel boatlift," Castro allowed 125,000 people -- some of them people the regime let out of its prisons -- flee to the United States, creating an immigration havoc.
"We welcomed each other as old friends," Carter said of the meeting with the 84-year-old Fidel Castro. Carter said Fidel Castro "seems to be in good health."
Carter later boarded a plane at Havana's international airport and left the island. Raul Castro was on hand to see him off.
During the three-day visit, Carter also met with other senior government and religious leaders. On Wednesday, he had breakfast with members of the island's small opposition community, including 10 dissidents recently released from prison by the Cuban government and members of the Ladies in White opposition group.
Human rights activist Elizardo Sanchez said Carter told the dissidents he "wanted to express his solidarity and his recognition of the movement for civil rights and also the emerging civil society.
"Hopefully his visit will be useful even if it is just one step toward the normalization of bilateral relations between the governments of Washington and Havana."
"We can't comment on the content" of the meetings, added blogger Yoani Sanchez.
"My words were dedicated to the need for freedom of expression and free Internet access for Cubans."
Before Carter's news conference, hope had been rising in Washington that the former leader would bring Gross home. Last August, the 39th U.S. president and winner of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize traveled to North Korea to secure the release of an imprisoned American, and many expected the same sort of result in Cuba.
"It is what everyone is hoping for and many of us are expecting," a congressional staffer who deals with U.S.-Cuba relations told AP. "To invite Carter to visit Havana strongly suggests a willingness to make a humanitarian release of Alan Gross, but the Cuban government is also looking for signals from Washington, and those signals haven't always been clear."
The staffer spoke on condition of anonymity due to the sensitivity of the issue.
Gross was arrested while working on a USAID-backed democracy-building project and convicted of crimes against state security earlier this month in a case that has blocked improved ties between the U.S. and Cuba.
Gross has said he was working to improve Internet communications for Cuba's tiny Jewish community. Havana considers such U.S. projects to be aimed at toppling the government.
Carter said he discussed Gross' case with Cuban officials but was visiting to talk about strained ties.
He criticized Washington's decades-old embargo against Cuba as well as a ban on American tourist travel to the island. He also called for the release of five Cuban agents serving long prison sentences in the United States, a hot-button issue in Havana, where they are hailed as heroes for trying to infiltrate Cuban exile groups.
Carter downplayed the possibility of swapping them for Gross, however, as have Cuban officials.
"I did not come here with the idea of arranging any kind of swap," Carter said. "I think the two cases ... are completely separate."
Washington and Havana have not had formal diplomatic relations since the 1960s, and the United States maintains economic and financial sanctions on the island.
U.S. officials say no thaw in relations is possible while Gross is in prison.
This is based on a story by The Associated Press.