States, Pentagon Conflict with White House on Ebola Quarantine Policy

By: David Bastawrous—Special Report College Associate

While the White House continues to cast the decision of Gov. Christie and Gov. Cuomo to implement a quarantine for health workers returning from Ebola-stricken countries to New Jersey and New York as anti-science and “just wrong”, White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest on Tuesday justified similar US Army policies due to operational efficiency.

The US Army on Monday began isolating about a dozen troops, including a two-star general, returning from Liberia to a US Army base in Vincenza, Italy. About 75 more troops will return from Western Africa throughout the week and will be placed in similar conditions.

The conditions, which a Pentagon spokesman, Army Col. Steve Warren, called “quarantine-like”, consist of “being checked regularly by medical professionals” and the soldiers will not “have any interaction with other personnel” for a period of 21 days.

Earnest on Tuesday dodged questions of whether or not the White House supports this policy. Though, a source in the administration told Fox News on Monday that “the White House was not happy” with the Pentagon’s decision.  

But Earnest did state that it’s “not unusual” for civilian policy to differ from Department of Defense policy. He justified the Army’s actions in the name of efficiency, reasoning that it is easier for the US Army to monitor their high numbers of personnel if their “movements are restricted” and are “co-located.”

The White House continued to caution enforcing a similar policy on the civilian population.

Echoing the CDC, as well as statements from Doctors Without Borders and an editorial from the New England Journal of Medicine, Earnest said that “science does not back up” the notion that mandatory quarantines on civilian personnel will stop the spread of Ebola, and stated that such a policy would “dissuade” volunteer healthcare personnel from traveling overseas to aid the efforts.

Similarly, President Obama today said that military personnel have a “different situation” in that they're “not there voluntarily” and “not treating patients.”

But it’s for that reason that many have asked why the US Army has imposed quarantine-like conditions on personnel who are not directly treating patients, while the CDC and the White House continue to discourage such restrictions on volunteers who have directly treated patients infected with Ebola.   

New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie on Tuesday called the CDC guidelines “incredibly confusing.”

Christie claimed that the CDC has been too slow to act but are now “incrementally taking steps to the policy” put in effect in states like New Jersey.

On Monday, the CDC moved to encourage health personnel at high risk for developing Ebola, though they may be asymptomatic, to avoid commercial travel and “congregate gatherings” for an appropriate time consistent with the 21 day Ebola incubation period. Dr. Tom Frieden indicated that such personnel may be placed on a “Do Not Board” list for air travel.

“What’s the difference of telling someone who has been a health care worker at high risk that they can’t go in public places, public transportation, and we want them to work from home, what’s the difference between that and a quarantine?” Christie said. “They don’t want to admit that we’re right and they were wrong.”

Christie denied any political motivations for his decision, citing the six states, red and blue, who have implemented similar measures. 

Women in Combat?

Military plans would put women in most combat jobs including SEALS, Army Rangers


Published June 18, 2013

| Associated Press


WASHINGTON –  Military leaders are ready to begin tearing down the remaining walls that have prevented women from holding thousands of combat and special operations jobs near the front lines.


Under details of the plans obtained by The Associated Press, women could start training as Army Rangers by mid-2015 and as Navy SEALs a year later.


The military services have mapped out a schedule that also will include reviewing and possibly changing the physical and mental standards that men and women will have to meet in order to quality for certain infantry, armor, commando and other front-line positions across the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines. Under the plans to be introduced Tuesday, there would be one common standard for men and women for each job.


Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel reviewed the plans and has ordered the services to move ahead.


The move follows revelations of a startling number of sexual assaults in the armed forces. Earlier this year, Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Gen. Martin Dempsey said the sexual assaults might be linked to the longstanding ban on women serving in combat because the disparity between the roles of men and women creates separate classes of personnel -- male "warriors" versus the rest of the force.


While the sexual assault problem is more complicated than that, he said, the disparity has created a psychology that lends itself to disrespect for women.

Under the schedules military leaders delivered to Hagel, the Army will develop standards by July 2015 to allow women to train and potentially serve as Rangers, and qualified women could begin training as Navy SEALs by March 2016 if senior leaders agree. Military leaders have suggested bringing senior women from the officer and enlisted ranks into special forces units first to ensure that younger, lower-ranking women have a support system to help them get through the transition.


The Navy intends to open up its Riverine force and begin training women next month, with the goal of assigning women to the units by October. While not part of the special operations forces, the coastal Riverine squadrons do close combat and security operations in small boats. The Navy plans to have studies finished by July 2014 on allowing women to serve as SEALs, and has set October 2015 as the date when women could begin Navy boot camp with the expressed intention of becoming SEALs eventually.

U.S. Special Operations Command is coordinating the matter of what commando jobs could be opened to women, what exceptions might be requested and when the transition would take place.


The proposals leave the door open for continued exclusion of women from some jobs if research and testing find that women could not be successful in sufficient numbers. But the services would have to defend such decisions to top Pentagon leaders.


Army officials plan to complete gender-neutral standards for the Ranger course by July 2015. Army Rangers are one of the service's special operations units, but many soldiers who go through Ranger training and wear the coveted tab on their shoulders never actually serve in the 75th Ranger Regiment. To be considered a true Ranger, soldiers must serve in the regiment.


In January, then-Defense Secretary Leon Panetta and Dempsey signed an order that wiped away generations of limits on where and how women could fight for their country. At the time, they asked the services to develop plans to set the change in motion.


The decision reflects a reality driven home by the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, where battle lines were blurred and women were propelled into jobs as medics, military police and intelligence officers who were sometimes attached, but not formally assigned, to battalions. So even though a woman could not serve officially as a battalion infantryman going out on patrol, she could fly a helicopter supporting the unit or be part of a team supplying medical aid if troops were injured.


Of the more than 6,700 U.S. service members who have been killed in Iraq and Afghanistan, about 150 have been women.


The order Panetta and Dempsey signed prohibits physical standards from being lowered simply to allow women to qualify for jobs closer to the battlefront. But the services are methodically reviewing and revising the standards for many jobs, including strength and stamina, in order to set minimum requirements for troops to meet regardless of their sex.


The military services are also working to determine the cost of opening certain jobs to women, particularly aboard a variety of Navy ships, including certain submarines, frigates, mine warfare and other smaller warships. Dozens of ships do not have adequate berthing or facilities for women to meet privacy needs, and would require design and construction changes.


Under a 1994 Pentagon policy, women were prohibited from being assigned to ground combat units below the brigade level. A brigade is roughly 3,500 troops split into several battalions of about 800 soldiers each. Historically, brigades were based farther from the front lines, and they often included top command and support staff.


Last year the military opened up about 14,500 combat positions to women, most of them in the Army, by allowing them to serve in many jobs at the battalion level. The January order lifted the last barrier to women serving in combat, but allows the services to argue to keep some jobs closed.


The bulk of the nearly 240,000 jobs currently closed to women are in the Army, including those in infantry, armor, combat engineer and artillery units that are often close to the battlefront. Similar jobs in the Marine Corps are also closed.


Army officials have laid out a rolling schedule of dates in 2015 to develop gender-neutral standards for specific jobs, beginning with July for engineers, followed by field artillery in March and the infantry and armor jobs no later than September.


Women make up about 14 percent of the 1.4 million active U.S. military personnel. More than 280,000 women have been sent to Iraq, Afghanistan or neighboring nations in support of the wars.

Read more: /us/2013/06/18/military-plans-would-put-women-in-most-combat-jobs-including-seals-army-rangers/print#ixzz2Wb5DHYvQ

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