World

A year after Typhoon Haiyan, some Filipinos move on, others trapped in misery

  • In this Thursday, Nov. 6, 2014 photo, typhoon survivor Agnes Bacsal, cuddles her youngest child John William, as he tries to reach a rosary hanging from the ceiling of their reconstructed home in Tacloban city, Leyte province, in central Philippines. Four months after she lost her husband and home to Typhoon Haiyan's fury, Agnes Bacsal gave birth to their sixth child  - a sprightly boy, whose company has eased the family’s pain. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

    In this Thursday, Nov. 6, 2014 photo, typhoon survivor Agnes Bacsal, cuddles her youngest child John William, as he tries to reach a rosary hanging from the ceiling of their reconstructed home in Tacloban city, Leyte province, in central Philippines. Four months after she lost her husband and home to Typhoon Haiyan's fury, Agnes Bacsal gave birth to their sixth child - a sprightly boy, whose company has eased the family’s pain. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)  (The Associated Press)

  • In this Thursday, Nov. 6, 2014 photo, Typhoon survivor Agnes Bacsal, left, visits the mass grave for typhoon Haiyan victims where her late husband Jonathan, in photograph, was buried in the outskirts of Tacloban city, Leyte province in central Philippines. Four months after she lost her husband and home to Typhoon Haiyan's fury, Bacsal gave birth to their sixth child - a sprightly boy, whose company has eased the family’s pain. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

    In this Thursday, Nov. 6, 2014 photo, Typhoon survivor Agnes Bacsal, left, visits the mass grave for typhoon Haiyan victims where her late husband Jonathan, in photograph, was buried in the outskirts of Tacloban city, Leyte province in central Philippines. Four months after she lost her husband and home to Typhoon Haiyan's fury, Bacsal gave birth to their sixth child - a sprightly boy, whose company has eased the family’s pain. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)  (The Associated Press)

  • Typhoon survivor Jonathan Bacsal Jr., runs past a cross that indicates his father Jonathan Bacsal Sr. is buried at a mass grave for typhoon Haiyan victims in the outskirts of Tacloban city, Leyte province in central Philippines Thursday, Nov. 6, 2014.  His father perished after being hit by a flying piece of tin roof while trying to herd them to safety as the horrific Nov. 8, 2013 storm leveled entire villages in Tacloban city on Leyte island. The tsunami-like storm surges whipped by Haiyan swept away their house, plunging them into the rampaging floodwaters. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

    Typhoon survivor Jonathan Bacsal Jr., runs past a cross that indicates his father Jonathan Bacsal Sr. is buried at a mass grave for typhoon Haiyan victims in the outskirts of Tacloban city, Leyte province in central Philippines Thursday, Nov. 6, 2014. His father perished after being hit by a flying piece of tin roof while trying to herd them to safety as the horrific Nov. 8, 2013 storm leveled entire villages in Tacloban city on Leyte island. The tsunami-like storm surges whipped by Haiyan swept away their house, plunging them into the rampaging floodwaters. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)  (The Associated Press)

Four months after she lost her husband and home to Typhoon Haiyan's fury, Agnes Bacsal gave birth to their sixth child — a sprightly boy, whose company has eased the family's pain.

Other survivors, like fisherman Ben Pedrero, still struggle. His wife and son perished in the monster storm and more than 40 other relatives are still missing.

"In just a blink of an eye, they were all gone," the 61-year-old Pedrero said. "I'll only overcome this tragedy when I die myself," he added, wiping tears with his shirt as he helped relatives roast a pig and prepare food for the disaster's anniversary.

On Saturday, as church bells pealed and sirens wailed across this central Philippine city to commemorate the moment when Haiyan barreled inland from the Pacific, Bacsal and Pedrero were planning to light candles and offer prayers at separate mass graves in Tacloban. By the time the typhoon had leveled entire villages with ferocious winds and tsunami-like waves, more than 7,300 were dead or missing.

Funeral parlors were overwhelmed, forcing survivors to bury their dead near where they were found — on church grounds, roadsides, beaches and in front yards and backyards.

The worst-hit Tacloban and outlying regions have crawled back from the rubble. Shopping malls, hotels and offices have reopened, with cars, taxi cabs and motorcycles clogging downtown streets — the same spots where huge mounds of debris and bodies lay scattered weeks after Haiyan blew away. Yet, human scars are harder to overcome.

The 7-meter (21-foot) -high waves also took away Pedrero's house with all its precious belongings — his family's pictures and personal mementos. Also gone was his fishing boat, his only source of income.

Like him, Bacsal still relies on dole-outs mostly from relatives and friends. Without her husband, tricycle driver Jonathan, and her house, she now lives with her six children in a shack built from storm debris.

Amid continuing adversity, Bacsal's family is being held together by faith — an altar with rosaries and the images of Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary adorn a wall — and a bubbly, new family member, 7-month-old baby John William. His cries filled the bare shack.

"He gives me joy, just by being beside me," Bacsal said, cradling her baby.

A 14-year-old daughter, Maria Jean, beamed with optimism. "I'll be the best businesswoman in Asia and bring them out of here someday," she said when asked about her plans.

With help from relatives and friends, Bacsal was able to send Maria Jean to high school. They scrimp on grocery items recently donated by a city official and were able to sell extra food stuff to neighbors in an improvised store.

They sometimes miss out on meals.

While the exact figures for the dead and missing are still being collected, the physical recovery remains a challenge. The typhoon demolished about a million houses and displaced more than 4 million people in one of the country's poorest regions, where a Marxist insurgency has endured for decades.

Overall damage was estimated at 571.1 billion pesos ($12.9 billion), including about 16 million knocked-down coconut trees, a major source of livelihood.

With the loss of income, about a million more people were pushed deeper into poverty, according to the Asian Development Bank.

Building more than 200,000 new houses for the poor, who were left with nothing, is proving difficult. The government, backed by international donors, has built temporary bunkhouses and shelters, but many residents have hammered back their shacks in the same coastal villages where they were hit by the storm — and which have been officially declared "no-build zones."

About 3,000 people still live in tents in Tacloban, though the city government has pledged to move them to permanent housing by the end of the year. Under the long-term plan to protect against similar typhoon onslaughts, the government wants to build an elevated road connecting Tacloban to two coastal towns that will also serve as a dike.

"Like you, I am impatient," President Benigno Aquino III told residents during a visit Friday to nearby Eastern Samar province. He added: "We can't be reckless as we build back better."

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Associated Press writers Jim Gomez, Oliver Teves and Teresa Cerojano in Manila, Philippines and Bullit Marquez in Tacloban contributed to this report.