NATO fighter jets struck three ports and eight warships in bombing runs overnight, targeting ruler Muammar al-Qaddafi's navy with a goal of protecting the nearby rebel-held port of Misrata, NATO said Friday.
It was the broadest attack on Libya's naval forces since the alliance joined the conflict.
One bombing run hit the main port of Tripoli, where reporters could see flames and smoke rising from the stricken warship into the night sky. Other targets were the Khoms port, between Tripoli and Misrata, and Sirte, east of the city.
In Brussels, NATO confirmed that its warplanes targeted the ports and accused Libya of using its ships in the escalating conflict, including attempts to mine the harbor in Misrata. Rebels trying to end the nearly 40-year rule of Libyan leader Muammar al-Qaddafi have been struggling to hold Misrata against repeated attacks by Qaddafi's forces.
British Maj. Gen. John Lorimer, a communications officer, said British warplanes hit two corvette warships in the Khoms harbor and "successfully targeted a facility in the dockyard constructing fast inflatable boats, which Libyan forces have used several times in their efforts to mine Misrata and attack vessels in the area."
He said the port was "the nearest concentration of regime warships to the port of Misrata, which Col. Qaddafi has repeatedly attempted to close to humanitarian shipping."
Mohammed Rashid, general manager of the Tripoli port, told reporters that the coast guard boats were used to patrol Libyan waters for immigrant boats trying to make it to Europe and for search-and-rescue activities.
The port official said some damage was done to the port, but it was minimal. A government official later said he feared the NATO strike would discourage ships from using the Tripoli port, reducing imports and driving up the cost of basic goods for Libyans.
In a tour given to reporters at a distance from the area, a warship could be seen on fire, with flames and plumes of smoke rising the from stricken vessel.
Rear Adm. Russell Harding, deputy commander of the NATO operation, said the Qaddafi regime was employing more ships in its campaign against rebel fighters.
"Given the escalating use of naval assets, NATO had no choice but to take decisive action to protect the civilian population of Libya and NATO forces at sea," he said.
"NATO has constantly adapted to the rapidly changing and dynamic situation in Libya and at sea," he said in a statement.
NATO is operating under a U.N. mandate to maintain a no-fly zone over Libya and to prevent attacks on the civilian population.
The Western coalition has stepped up its airstrikes in Tripoli in an apparent attempt to weaken Qaddafi's chief stronghold, the Libyan capital, and potentially target the leader himself. The Qaddafi family compound, Bab al-Aziziya, has been targeted several times.
Also, a NATO strike early Friday hit a police academy in the Tripoli neighborhood of Tajoura, a government official said.
The airstrikes came a day after Qaddafi's forces rocketed the strongholds of rebel fighters the strategic mountain heights southwest of the Libyan capital, rebels said.
The two sides appeared to be fighting for control of the two highways to the north and south of the Nafusa mountain range, which slices across the desert south of Tripoli to the western border with Tunisia, controlling a key border crossing.
Libyan government spokesman Moussa Ibrahim told reporters at a late-night news conference Thursday that in a meeting earlier this week with Russian leaders, an envoy offered to withdraw Libyan fighters from cities as part of a peace deal, if rebels do the same.
"We are even prepared to go as far as withdrawing our army from all Libyan cites and population centers," he said. "This is a new offer."
Ibrahim said the offer was the farthest the government had gone since fighting broke out against the rebels. He said as part of the deal, NATO would also have to halt its strikes of Libyan targets.
There was no immediate comment by rebel leaders based in the eastern city of Benghazi. Up to now their main demand has been the removal of Qaddafi and his sons from power.
Also late Thursday, Qaddafi appeared briefly on Libyan state TV, his first appearance in several days.
An international aid group said Friday that 3,800 Chadians who fled fighting in Libya are stranded in a remote desert town in northern Chad.
The International Organization for Migration in Geneva said the migrants have little food or water, and dozens are sick or injured.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.