OMAHA, Neb. – Holding off one of his best friends, Michael Phelps started his second attempt to break Mark Spitz's Olympic record with another epic swim.
Less than an hour later, the teenager he compares to a little sister joined Phelps in the record book.
Phelps set a world record in his first event of the U.S. Olympic swimming trials, touching just ahead of Ryan Lochte to win the 400-meter individual medley in 4 minutes, 5.25 seconds Sunday night.
Katie Hoff matched her former North Baltimore teammate in the 400 IM, taking down the women's mark in 4:31.12.
Overshadowing the new records were comments made by swimming veteran Gary Hall Jr. on Sunday, expressing concern over his belief that swimmers are using performance-enhancing drugs to give them a boost in the pool.
''To think that it doesn't exist is foolish,'' Hall said. ''All doping scandals are not a direct result of positive tests. They're usually somebody getting caught by some other means. I don't think that we can rely on a doping agency to really catch the people that are so far ahead of where the testing is.''
Hall said he was speaking out because he's worried about the future of a sport he began in as a youngster. He said the public suspicion directed toward many of today's athletic accomplishments ''can be very depressing and it has been very frustrating for a lot of clean athletes.''
He mentioned the 1976 Montreal Olympics, where the East German women piled up gold medals. They were later found to have cheated through steroid use, but at the time they credited their world records and success to the type of swimsuit they wore.
''Clearly we know now it wasn't the suit that was causing all these world records to be broken. It was copious amounts of steroids,'' Hall said. ''Can the suit technology distract from another issue? I think it's pretty convenient for those that are indulging the other issue.''
Hall acknowledged he has no positive drug tests to back up his comments.
''Unfortunately, we rely on an inadequate doping system and doping agencies for the proof,'' he said. ''We live in a society where innocent until proven guilty, the key word being proven, and we don't have any way of proving these people are cheating. We never did.''
Hall called for the World Anti-Doping Agency to create a list of allowed supplements instead of just the current list of what is banned.
Wearing the high-tech Speedo LZR Racer, Phelps beat his own mark of 4:06.22, set at last year's world championships in Australia when he turned in one of the greatest performances in swimming history with seven gold medals.
After saying he had no fear of Phelps, Lochte proved it by also going under the previous record. But his time of 4:06.08 was only good enough for second with Phelps in the next lane over.
"That was probably one of the most painful races of my life," the winner said. "Everything was left in the pool. I definitely would not have been able to do it without Lochte beside me. He's a great friend and a great competitor. I love racing him."
The 19-year-old Hoff — playfully described by Phelps as the little sister he never had — showed no signs of the nervousness that ruined her first trip to the Olympics four years ago. The youngest member of the U.S. team, she was overcome by the moment and threw up on deck after failing to advance from her first event.
All grown up, Hoff dipped under record pace on the breaststroke leg and held on with her freestyle to beat Stephanie Rice's mark of 4:31.46, set in March at the Australian Olympic trials.
"Stephanie really raised the bar when she broke my old record," Hoff said. "I'm just excited for Beijing, and I think it's going to be a really tough challenging race with her."
Like Phelps, Hoff also was wearing the revolutionary Speedo suit, which has been worn for 40 of the 44 world marks set since it was unveiled in mid-February.
"It definitely gave me a few tenths," Phelps said. "At the end, when I was getting a little tired, the suit gave me a little extra edge."
Larsen Jensen, also wearing the LZR, set an American mark in the 400 freestyle in a three-way race to the wall with previous recordholder Peter Vanderkaay and Erik Vendt.
Jensen's time of 3:43.53 topped Vanderkaay's mark of 3:43.82, which was set last month in California. Vanderkaay also went lower, touching second in 3:43.73.
Brendan Hansen just missed another world record in the 100 breaststroke semifinals, advancing to Monday's final in 59.24. He holds the mark of 59.13, and nodded his head confidently when he looked toward the scoreboard.
Christine Magnuson was top qualifier in the semis of the 100 fly in 57.50 — less than a second off Inge de Bruijn's 8-year-old world record.
Phelps was slightly off world-record pace after the opening butterfly, but he had a body-length lead on Lochte as they switched to the backstroke.
The minus sign — indicative of a swimmer under record pace — flashed on the board when Phelps made his flip turn on the back, sending the crowd at the Qwest Center into a frenzy. But Lochte was starting to close the gap, and he nearly pulled even as they headed toward the far wall in the breaststroke.
Lochte, a world recordholder himself, was less than a second behind at the 300 mark and looked poised to pull off a monumental upset. He and Phelps went at it stroke for stroke over the final two laps, but Phelps never relinquished his lead.
After his arm touched the wall ahead of Lochte's, Phelps looked at the scoreboard, saw the record and thrust his right fist in the air. Then he slapped the water.
Lochte, breathing heavily, grinned as Phelps celebrated. They hugged in the water, and then again on deck while the fans saluted them both with a standing ovation.
"He looked great, and what an epic swim," said Phelps' coach, Bob Bowman. "One of the best swims I've ever seen."
Phelps won six gold medals and two bronzes at the Athens Olympics, just missing Spitz's record of seven wins at the 1972 Munich Games. Phelps — who turns 23 on Monday — is determined to knock off the mark in Beijing.
Lochte was the top qualifier in the morning prelims.
"After this morning, he told me he was tired," Phelps. "I knew he wasn't that tired."