He received his M.D. degree from Cornell University Medical College in 1966. He then completed an internship and residency at the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center in New York City. In 1968, Dr. Fauci came to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as a Clinical Associate in the Laboratory of Clinical Investigation (LCI) at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). In 1972, he became a Senior Investigator in the LCI. In 1974, Dr. Fauci became Head of the Clinical Physiology Section, LCI and in 1980, he was appointed Chief of the Laboratory of Immunoregulation, a position he still holds. Dr. Fauci became Director of NIAID in 1984.
In 1995, an Institute for Scientific Information study indicated that in the period of 1981-1994, among more than 1 million scientists throughout the world who published during that time frame, Dr. Fauci was the fifth most cited. Through the years, Dr. Fauci has served as Visiting Professor at major medical centers throughout the country. He has delivered many major lectureships all over the world and is the recipient of numerous prestigious awards for his scientific accomplishments, including 22 honorary doctorate degrees from universities in the United States and abroad.
Dr. Fauci is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences (Council Member), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Royal Danish Academy of Science and Letters, as well as a number of other professional societies including the American College of Physicians, the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the Association of American Physicians, the Infectious Diseases Society of America, and the American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology. He serves on the editorial boards of many scientific journals; as an editor of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine; and as author, co-author, or editor of more than 1,000 scientific publications, including several textbooks.