The International Tennis Hall of Fame says Dorothy "Dodo" Cheney, a member of the Hall and the first American woman to win the tournament now known as the Australian Open, has died at age 98.
The Hall says Tuesday that Cheney died Sunday in Escondido, California, following a brief illness.
She was inducted in 2004, and was introduced at the ceremony by fellow member John McEnroe.
In addition to her 1938 singles title at the Australian Championships, Cheney reached the semifinals at least once at each of the other three Grand Slam tournaments and was ranked in the top 10 in the 1930s and 1940s.
According to the U.S. Tennis Association, Cheney won nearly 400 USTA national titles across various age groups.