Robinson also revealed that while his playing career is coming to a close, he has accepted a position in the Houston front office.
"I am excited. This move brings a whole new set of challenges for me," Robinson said in a statement. "I care a lot about this organization and I want to see it succeed. I am now in a position to help the organization grow from a different standpoint."
The 33-year-old captured four MLS Cup titles during his career, two with San Jose and then two more when the club moved to Houston in 2006.
Robinson appeared in 96 regular-season matches for the Dynamo as well as nine playoff contests while being named to the MLS All-Star team in 2006 and MLS Best XI during the 2007 campaign.
"I am extremely pleased to have Eddie join us in the front office after an illustrious playing career," Dynamo president Chris Canetti said. "He was an integral part of our team's success and he will bring a lot of value to what we are trying to do as a club moving forward."