The federal committee responsible for nutrition guidelines is calling for the adoption of "plant-based" diets, taxes on dessert, trained obesity "interventionists" at worksites, and electronic monitoring of how long Americans sit in front of the television. 

The Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) released its far-reaching 571-page report of recommendations to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Thursday, which detailed its plans to "transform the food system." 

The report is open for public comment for 45 days, and will be used as the basis by the government agencies to develop the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The guidelines are used as the basis for government food assistance programs, nutrition education efforts, and for making "decisions about national health objectives." 

DGAC proposed a variety of solutions to address obesity, and its promotion of what it calls the "culture of health." 

"The persistent high levels of overweight and obesity require urgent population- and individual-level strategies across multiple settings, including health care, communities, schools, worksites, and families," they said. 

In response, DGAC called for diet and weight management interventions by "trained interventionists" in healthcare settings, community locations, and worksites. 

"Government at local, state, and national levels, the health care system, schools, worksites, community organizations, businesses, and the food industry all have critical roles in developing creative and effective solutions," they said. 

DGAC also called for policy interventions to "reduce unhealthy options," limit access to high calorie foods in public buildings, "limit the exposure" of advertisements for junk food, a soda tax, and taxing high sugar and salt items and dessert. 

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