A bill that will sanction Venezuelan government officials accused of being behind a crackdown on protesters that left dozens dead was signed into law by President Barack Obama on Thursday.
The president's signature was widely expected after the measure was approved by both legislative chambers last week.
The bill authorizes sanctions that would freeze the assets and ban visas for anyone accused of carrying out acts of violence or violating the human rights of those opposing the South American nation's socialist government.
Last summer, the State Department imposed a travel ban on Venezuelan officials who were accused of abuses during street protests that left dozens of people dead.
The bill was a bipartisan effort and was co-authored by Sen. Robert Menendez (D-N.J.) and Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.).
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Venezuela's government made no immediate comment. But legislator Diosdado Cabello, president of the National Assembly, has criticized the action.
"We reject sanctions as arbitrary, as immoral and because no one has the right to impose sanctions on anyone else in the world," said Cabello, who is seen as one of the most influential members of Maduro's governing socialist party.
Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, R-Fla., said the bipartisan legislation signals the U.S. will not tolerate impunity of violations of human rights in Venezuela.
"We support the calls of democracy and freedom by the people of Venezuela," she said.
Based on reporting by the Associated Press.
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