I am a primary care doctor. Today I saw a young woman who was afraid she might have appendicitis. I thought enough of the possibility to order a CT of the abdomen - which was negative - but I did not admit her to the hospital. She got better, and chances are the problem was due to a virus.
With primary care doctors rapidly becoming extinct, I think it is worth pointing out that if I didn't exist, this young woman might have been admitted to the hospital for a few days, and possibly faced an unnecessary operation - at the very least it would have been a big expense to our health care system.
With only 2 percent of medical school graduating classes going into primary care medicine these days, and with 50 percent of primary care providers in a recent study saying they would quit if they could, I think it is worth considering what we could do about the shortage of well-motivated primary care doctors going forward - since we arethe quarterbacks of any well-maintained health care system.
Here are some of my ideas:
- Subsidize education for primary care physicians on a state and national level with a payback of several years. As opposed to the National Health Service, which was disbanded in the 1980s, this service will inject primary care docs into urban and suburban centers with the goal of introducing a preventative strategy that can then be adopted by trained nurse practitioners and physician assistants.
- Reimbursements should favor primary care visits, and de-incentivize overuse of specialists and their procedures - especially tests (like EMG) or elective procedures (like cosmetic surgery), which do not lead to crucial treatments.
- Reimbursements (including Medicare and Medicaid) should reward preventative strategies such as weight loss and smoking cessation.
- With primary care physicians more in charge and more accessible, it might then make sense to increase insurance copays and deductibles, which would make patients hesitate before overusing their health insurance (studies show that most ER visits are currently from the insured, often for minor complaints).
- A new infusion of primary care doctors would help emphasize the principle that physicians and patients should be in charge of health care, rather than insurance companies. This could improve efficiency and decrease costs. Insurance is intended to be "just in case" rather than the primary controlling payer for all health costs. Insurance should carry over state-to-state, and insurance companies should be liable for forced medical errors - especially when they refuse to cover tests. Records should gradually be converted to electronic medical records, to improve efficiency.
Dr. Marc Siegel is an internist and associate professor of medicine at the NYU School of Medicine. He is a FOX News medical contributor and writes a health column for LA Times, where he examines TV and movies for medical accuracy. Dr. Siegel is the author of "False Alarm: The Truth about the Epidemic of Fear"and "Bird Flu: Everything You Need to Know About the Next Pandemic." Read more at www.doctorsiegel.com
Marc Siegel, M.D. is a professor of medicine and medical director of Doctor Radio at NYU Langone Medical Center. He has been a medical analyst and reporter for Fox News since 2008.